IT or agriculture? The debate continues

VITAL: Agriculture and IT can co-exist. Photo: Bloomberg

VITAL: Agriculture and IT can co-exist. Photo: Bloomberg  

Here are some more responses from students on the topic.

DevelopmentDevelopments in agricultural and IT sector go hand-in-hand. The basic need of human beings is food, which is obtained through agriculture. If a country is able to meet food demand, then the expenditure on food imports can be minimised. The Green Revolution in the 1970s benefited large farms and big farmers. The introduction of modernised technologies produced surplus food crops that paved the way for increase in trade. Thus our country's revenue increased through the export of food crops. Prime Minister Manmohan Singh, at the 93rd session of the Indian Science Congress, urged scientists to bring about a Second Green Revolution. His opinion is that India can become a developed country by modernising agriculture. But recent advancements and achievements in IT have given us a global status. It has generated employment opportunities for many, bringing to an end the unemployment problem. A country's development starts when it is able to meet basic food demand. It becomes a developed country through its achievements in various other sectors of Science & Technology. We should rely equally on both agriculture and IT. A. Vinoth B.Sc.,
Loyola College
Untapped potentialIndia enjoys a competitive advantage at the international level because our farmers are the most cost-effective producers. With the phasing out of subsidies as per the WTO stipulations, we can be truly competitive. Global trade in agro-products is projected to be worth US $640 billion by 2012. At present, India has a very meagre share of 1.5 per cent of world trade. With such a vast untapped potential, India has every reason to rely on agriculture to become a developed country instead of relying on Information Technology. B. Aishwarya, B.E. I (EEE)
SSN College of Engineering
Self-sufficientIndia has a large land area with variations in soil nature and texture, making it possible to grow a wide variety of crops. Though India has so many crops, the country is not able to satisfy its own needs. To make India a self-sufficient nation, we need to increase the productivity of the crops through research and by using hi-tech tools and machinery to produce low investment crops with high production results. We are dumping money in hi-tech IT, leaving agriculture a long way behind. Investing in IT will make the rich richer and the poor, poorer. We should start relying more on agriculture so that all the people of India can lead a happy, decent life. S.Reshma, B.E., Computer Science and Engineering,
Crescent Engineering College
Agriculture topsThe word "agriculture" brings to mind visions of paddy in lush green fields. But agriculture is a widespread network comprising not only crop production but also dairy, poultry and fishing. Just by the sheer number of people and establishments involved in agriculture, it gets an edge over IT when it comes to development. Implementing IT in every state will certainly develop India. But it will be a mammoth task. Even if it were to be done, where would the workforce come from? Procuring skilled labour for IT calls for quality education. This can be achieved only through poverty alleviation, which leads us to agriculture. Both agriculture and IT have to be developed. But foremost priority should be given to agriculture. K.P.Prasanna kumari,
M.Sc., Physics (Correspondence stream)
Madurai Kamaraj University
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