EDUCATION PLUS

Preserve or perish

KESHAV S. MELNAD

The rapid pollution of air, water and earth should be stopped for the sake of future generations

Biodiversity is defined as variability and variety in life forms including genes, species and eco-systems. Biodiversity conservation seeks to maintain life support systems provided by nature. Biodiversity can be conserved only if eco-balance is sustained. The two are interconnected. For example, animals produce carbon-dioxide and use oxygen for their life. Trees and plants use carbon-dioxide and, by photosynthesis, produce oxygen as well as food. Hence, animals and plants depend upon each other.

But now, man is harming nature. He is consuming what is meant to be preserved for the next generation. He is bringing out petroleum products from under the earth and concretising the land. He is polluting air, water and earth. And his agricultural system is fully changed, from organic to inorganic viz. use of chemicals. Because of all this, the very connection between man and nature is being destroyed.

We can see a good relationship between man and nature in ancient scripts. People used to respect plants and animals. An eco-friendly agricultural system has been elaborately explained. Man used to depend on nature for medication, using plants’ leaves and roots to cure diseases.India is rich in biodiversity, and it is estimated that there are about 45,000 species of plants in the country. This region is equally rich in fauna.

Biodiversity is the basis of life support systems and hence it should be preserved and managed for a sustainable future.

(The writer is a student of Veda Vijnana Gurukulam, Bangalore)



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