On Communist movement


VIPLAVAPADHAM LO NA PAYANAM: Putchalalpalli Sundarayya; Prajasakthi Book House, 1-1-187/1/2, Chikkadapalli, Hyderabad-20. Rs. 100.

IN “MY travelogue on the revolutionary path,” Putchalalpalli Sundarayya (P.S.), the veteran communist, speaks of his childhood, marriage, and evolution as a leader. His tape-recorded statements in English are translated into Telugu by A.P. Vittal.

What emerges is that the study of books written by leaders such as Komarraju Lakshmana Rao, Veeresalingam and Savarkar helped him in formulating his political thought. The atrocities he witnessed in the late 1920s while living in his village bestirred him to revolt against the feudal system, and the outcome was the charter of demands he framed for the Agricultural Labour Society. Journals like New Age and Navasakti played a prominent role in the growth of communist movements where basic precepts were scrutinised. For instance, when an editor stated that poverty bred revolution, Sundarayya countered it by pointing out that Marx and Engels stressed more on enlightened hard work.

Interaction between national leaders and international stalwarts like Stalin and Mao Zedong helped in shaping the communist party in India. When Stalin passed away in 1953, ‘P.S.’ persuaded Jawaharlal Nehru and Dr. S. Radhakrishnan to make a mention of the event in the Lok Sabha as well as in the Rajya Sabha. After the liberation of the Telangana region from the Nizam rule in 1948, the question arose in the party whether the struggle against the landed gentry must be continued or not, with leaders like Sundarayya saying it should. Once India became a republic in 1950, which led to communists in prison being set free, the issue ceased to be current. Students of history have a lot to learn from the life-story of P.S. about the communist movement in India.

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