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Original survey identified 188 languages

Staff Correspondent

MYSORE:The original Linguistic Survey of India, which began in 1898, was supervised by Sir George Abraham Grierson (1851-1941), an Irish philologist posted in India as part of the then British India administration. The original LSI identified 188 languages and 544 dialects in the country. The entire project of the original LSI was an outcome of a special resolution adopted by the Congress of Orientalists in Vienna in 1886. The special resolution "urging the great need of a thorough linguistic survey of India" was proposed by Buhler and seconded by Weber. The special resolution was supported by eminent specialists in Indian languages, such as Max Mueller, Monier-Williams, Hoernle, Barth, Bendall and others. At the end of the survey, Grierson produced a monumental 19-volume work titled `Linguistic Survey of India.' Besides preparing grammatical sketches of modern verna-culars, he also published collections of ballads and folklore. In recognition of Grierson's contribution, he was knighted in 1912 and received the Order of Merit in 1928.

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