A little more than four in 10 people of Bengaluru are considered migrants, and the percentage of people categorised as migrants has shot up by nearly 12 percentage points in a decade.
This was revealed in the recently released Census 2011 data on migration into cities and States.
With 42.12% of Greater Bengaluru’s population originating from outside the district or outside the State, the urban agglomeration ranks second among comparable metros with migrant populations.
Greater Mumbai comprises nearly 50% migrants defined by Census 2011 as ‘Migrants by place’ (that is, a person who has been considered a migrant if s/he had last resided at another place other than her/his place of enumeration). The Hindu excluded intra-city migrants in the analysis.
Migration within State
As Bengaluru becomes the pivotal growth engine for the State, two-thirds of migrants have come from within the State itself.
Incidentally, most of these intra-State migrants are coming from other urban centres. In Census 2001, if rural Karnataka migrants accounted for 54% of all intra-State migrants, in 2011, their share was down to 47%. This suggests that much of the employment in the State is centred around Bengaluru.