In-Depth

1993 blasts: Looking back

Tight police security outside Central Jail in Nagpur where 1993 Mumbai blasts convict Yakub Memon is lodged.

Tight police security outside Central Jail in Nagpur where 1993 Mumbai blasts convict Yakub Memon is lodged.   | Photo Credit: PTI

After the hanging of Yakub Abdul Razak Memon - the lone convict on the death-row in the Mumbai blasts case - The Hindu presents a detailed look at the 20-year-old case.

Here is a chronology of the events of that day (in pictures); a timeline of of how the case has unfolded over two decades and the debate surrounding the death penalty.



1993 blasts: Looking back

On March 12, 1993, 13 blasts ripped through the commercial and social hubs of Mumbai killing 260 and injuring over 700. The bombs were timed and placed to create maximum havoc and create a major rip in the communal fabric of the city and the nation.

>War on Mumbai

The powerful explosions dealt a benumbing blow to the collective consciousness of Mumbai which remains a soft target after facing six major terror attacks in 22 years

>Black Friday: A tale of horror

It has been 22 years since the horrific incident, but 62-year-old Suresh More says he can never forget that Friday afternoon on March 12 when Mumbai got a bloodbath.

>From messenger to mastermind

Yakub Memon would pay for his brother's sins and become the only man to be sentenced to death in the Mumbai blasts case.

Timeline

  • 1993
    • March 12: Thirteen explosions rock Mumbai killing 257 and injuring 713 others.
    • April 19: Actor Sanjay Dutt arrested.
    • November 4: 10,000 page-long charge sheet filed against 189 accused, including Dutt.
    • November 19: Case handed over to CBI
  • 1994
    • April 1: TADA court shifted inside Arthur Road Central Jail premises.
    • April 10: 26 accused discharged by the TADA court. SC discharges two more accused – travel agent Abu Asim Azmi and Amjed Meher Baux.
    • April 19: Trial commences.
    • June 30: Two accused, Mohammed Jameel and Usman Jhankanan, turn approvers.
    • October 14: Sanjay Dutt granted bail by Supreme Court.
    • March 29: P.D. Kode designated as a special TADA judge for the case.
  • 2000
    • October: Examination of 684 prosecution witnesses ends.
    • Mar 9 - July 18, 2001: Accused record their statements
    • August 9: Prosecution begins arguments.
    • October 18: Prosecution completes arguments
    • November 9: Defence starts arguments
  • 2002
    • August 22: Defence closes arguments.
  • 2003
    • February 20: Dawood gang member Ejaz Pathan produced in court.
    • March 20: Mustafa Dossa's remand proceedings and trial separated.
    • September: Trial ends. Court reserves judgement.
  • 2006
    • June: Gangster Abu Salem's trial separated.
    • September 12: Court starts delivering the judgement, pronounces four members of the Memon family guilty and acquits three. 12 convicts awarded death penalty while 20 were given life sentence.
  • 2011
    • November 1: SC begins hearing on appeals filed by the 100 convicts as well as the state.
  • 2012
    • August 29: SC reserves its order on the appeals.
  • 2013
    • March 21: SC upholds death sentence of convict Yakub Memon, brother of Tiger Memon, and commutes death sentence of 10 convicts to life term. Life imprisonment of 16 out of 18 convicts also upheld. >Read more
  • 2014
    • May: President Pranab Mukherjee rejects Yakub's mercy plea. >Read more
    • June 2: SC stays Memon's execution on plea seeking review petitions in death cases to be heard in open court instead of chambers. >Read more
  • 2015
    • April 9: SC dismisses Memon's petition seeking review of death sentence which was upheld by apex court.
    • July 21: SC rejects Memon's curative petition, the last legal remedy to avoid execution of death sentence. >Read more

>The good doctor who saved precious lives

Dr. Jaychand Mandot’s doctor’s eye for details came in handy for the police.

>From 'best' CA to death row detenu

Yakub was once named the best chartered accountant by the Memon community

>Justice or vengeance?

Procedure followed to obtain death warrant for Yakub Memon suffers from serious constitutional flaws

>Yakub Memon and the story of the death penalty

This will be India's third execution since it lifted its informal 8-year moratorium





>40 operations, zero compensation: Why? Asks 1993 blast victim

Kirti Ajmera, injured in the 1993 Mumbai serial blasts, talked to The Hindu.

>How Mumbai Police got their first clue to Memon family

As Mr. Walishetty recalls, it was the inspection of a suspicious van in Worli that led the police to Yakub’s family.

>Doctors performed non-stop operations as Mumbai queued for blood donation

Two blasts separated by an hour accounted for over hundred lives and injured nearly thrice as much.

>Yakub Memon hanged at Nagpur central prison

Yakub Abdul Razak Memon was executed at Nagpur central prison at around 6.30 am on July 30.



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Printable version | Oct 1, 2020 6:11:59 AM | https://www.thehindu.com/specials/in-depth/yakub-memon-hanging-in-the-balance/article10602978.ece

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