Science

Japan Nobel laureate Masatoshi Koshiba, who found neutrinos, dies at 94

Japanese physicist Masatoshi Koshiba smiles during a press conference at the University of Tokyo in Tokyo on October 8, 2002 after winning the 2002 Nobel Prize in Physics.   | Photo Credit: AP

Japanese astrophysicist Masatoshi Koshiba, a co-winner of the 2002 Nobel Prize in physics for confirming the existence of elementary particles called neutrinos, has died. He was 94.

Koshiba, a distinguished professor at the University of Tokyo, died at a Tokyo hospital on November 12, the university announced on November 13. It didn’t provide a cause of death.

Koshiba devised the construction of giant underground chambers to detect neutrinos, elusive particles that stream from the sun.

Neutrinos offer a unique view of the sun’s inner workings because they are produced in its heart by the same process that causes the sun to shine.

Koshiba worked at the Kamiokande neutrino detector, a huge facility built in the mountains in central Japan. He confirmed and extended Davis’ work, and also discovered neutrinos coming from distant supernova explosions, some of the brightest objects in the universe.

Koshiba’s contribution led to subsequent discoveries. His student, Takaaki Kajita, won the Nobel Prize in physics in 2015 for research at the Super-Kamiokande facility that found neutrinos have mass.

Koshiba was active in science education for young people, and established a basic science foundation using his Nobel Prize award to provide learning experiences for high school and college students.

A native of Toyohashi in central Japan, Koshiba graduated from the University of Tokyo in 1951 and studied in the United States before returning to Japan in 1958 to pursue his research.

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Printable version | Nov 30, 2020 7:38:59 AM | https://www.thehindu.com/sci-tech/science/japan-nobel-laureate-masatoshi-koshiba-who-found-neutrinos-dies-at-94/article33097007.ece

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