Health

FAQ on Ebola outbreak in W. Africa

The worst recorded Ebola outbreak in history surpassed 700 deaths in West Africa.  

Why is the latest Ebola outbreak so dangerous?

The current outbreak in Liberia, Guinea and Sierra Leone has sickened more than 1,300 people and killed more than 700 this year.

Is there any treatment available to treat Ebola virus disease?

While the fatality rate for Ebola can be as high as 90 percent, health officials in the three countries say people have recovered from the virus and the current death rate is about 70 percent. Those who fared best sought immediate medical attention and got supportive care to prevent dehydration even though there is no specific treatment for Ebola itself.

What are the symptoms and how can I confirm an Ebola infection?

The early symptoms of an Ebola infection include fever, headache, muscle aches and sore throat, according to the World Health Organization. It can be difficult to distinguish between Ebola and the symptoms of malaria, typhoid fever or cholera. Only in later stages do people with Ebola begin bleeding both internally and externally, often through the nose and ears.

Is the Ebola infection communicable?

The Ebola virus is not airborne, so people would have to come into contact with the bodily fluids of an infected person. These include blood, sweat, vomit, faeces, urine, saliva or semen making transmission through casual contact in a public setting unlikely.

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Printable version | Nov 26, 2020 9:55:39 PM | https://www.thehindu.com/sci-tech/health/faq-on-ebola-outbreak-in-w-africa/article6279339.ece

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