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The Cauvery river dispute over the years

A lifeline for many: Tamil Nadu’s legal battle for the Cauvery water, which provides sustenance to thousands of farmers, has taken many twists and turns. pti  

The Cauvery river dispute over the years

Jayalalithaa seeks immediate Cauvery River Authority meet

A file picture of Tamil Nadu Chief Minister Jayalalithaa. Photo: S. Subramanium   | Photo Credit: S_Subramanium

Contending that a distress situation may arise any time in the Cauvery delta region, Chief Minister Jayalalithaa has requested Prime Minister Manmohan Singh to convene a meeting of the Cauvery River Authority immediately to decide the issues involved.

In a letter to Dr. Singh, the text of which was released to the media here on Saturday, the Chief Minister stated that Karnataka was not ensuring flows in the Cauvery as per the tribunal's final order of April 2007 in the crucial June to September period.

The Karnataka Government has been unjustly utilising the water for summer irrigation from February to May by depleting the storage in its four major reservoirs.

The combined gross storage in the four major reservoirs of Karnataka as on February 1 was 58.50 tmcft, but by May 14, it had come down to 28.176 tmc ft, she said, alleging that the neighbouring State had depleted storage of 30.33 tmcft, “besides utilising the flows of about 11 tmcft.” Thus, its total utilisation was about 41 tmcft.

Depletion of storage

Owing to the depletion of storage during summer, Karnataka impounded all the initial monsoon flows in its reservoirs and released water only when the reservoirs started surplussing, thus affecting inflows into the Mettur dam.

This affected the ‘kuruvai' (short term paddy) crop badly and delayed samba (long-term crop) cultivation, she said.

Ms. Jayalalithaa said that finalisation of the distress sharing formula evolved by the Central Water Commission was eluding a solution. This had deprived Tamil Nadu of adequate water, which should have been released by Karnataka either as per the interim order of the tribunal or by the formula evolved.

The Cauvery Monitoring Committee at its 24th meeting had decided to refer the formula to the authority for consideration when noticeable distress condition occurred in future. “Such a distress situation may arise at any time.”

Another issue requiring immediate consideration by the authority was that the tribunal's interim order which was in force specified that the Karnataka government should not increase its area under irrigation beyond 11.20 lakh acres. Karnataka was not furnishing year-wise details of the area under irrigation.

In the circumstances, she requested the Prime Minister to convene a meeting of the authority immediately to decide the issues.

An error has been corrected in this article on May 21, 2012.

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The Cauvery river dispute over the years

Tamil Nadu files contempt plea against Karnataka CM

The Tamil Nadu Government on Wednesday filed a contempt petition in the Supreme Court against Karnataka Chief Minister Siddaramaiah alleging that he had committed contempt of court by taking a defiant stand before the Supervisory Committee that the final award of the Cauvery Tribunal would not be implemented.

The State government in its petition had also cited Water Resources Minister M.B. Patil and Chief Secretary S.V. Ranganath as other contemnors along with the Chief Minister.

Tamil Nadu said “ever since the passing of the interim order and the Final Order was rendered by the Tribunal, and till date there has been no voluntary release of water by Karnataka during the crucial months of June to September and water was released only when it became inevitable for the reason that it could not hold water in its reservoirs.

During the last irrigation year 2012-2013, Karnataka failed to comply with the interim order and did not release the stipulated quantities though it had utilised more than 36.30 tmcft (thousand million cubic feet) during the period February 1, 2012, to May 31, 2012, for the summer irrigation.”

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The Cauvery river dispute over the years

Don’t clear Karnataka’s Cauvery projects: Jayalalithaa

Tamil Nadu Chief Minister Jayalalithaa   | Photo Credit: S_S_Kumar

In a letter to Manmohan, she takes exception to proposal for dam

Chief Minister Jayalalithaa wants the Centre to instruct Karnataka not to take up any schemes in the Cauvery, including hydro-electric projects, without the prior consent of Tamil Nadu.

Taking exception to the neighbouring State’s proposal to build a reservoir across the river at Mekedatu for generation of hydro-electric power, Ms.Jayalalithaa on Monday requested Prime Minister Manmohan Singh to intervene.

In a letter to Dr. Singh, she urged him to advise the Union Ministry of Environment and Forests not to accord clearance to any projects of Karnataka in the river till the Cauvery Management Board is formed. Details of the letter were released to the media on Tuesday.

Pointing to Karnataka Law Minister’s statement in the media about the plan to construct a hydro power station at Mekedatu, she said three reservoirs were to be constructed across the Cauvery for the purpose. It was also reported that Karnataka proposed to utilise the surplus water of the Hemavathy and the Krishnarajasagar reservoirs at an estimated cost of Rs.500 crore to Rs.600 crore for drinking water schemes, Ms.Jayalalithaa said.

“The proposed reservoirs near Mekedatu are new schemes [and] not contemplated in the final order of the Cauvery Water Disputes Tribunal,” she said. As the Tribunal had prescribed the total quantity of water to be used for consumptive use, this proposal of Karnataka was “wholly illegal”.

The move would affect the natural flow of the Cauvery river considerably and severely affect irrigation in Tamil Nadu, the Chief Minister said, adding the proposal was causing alarm and apprehension.

Noting that the proposal would set at nought the Tribunal’s final order, she said Karnataka should not be allowed to unilaterally execute a scheme without the lower riparian State’s consent.

Moreover, the Cauvery Management Board directed to be constituted by the final order of the Tribunal was yet to be put in place by the Centre. In the absence of the Board, “a permanent monitoring mechanism”, the Karnataka Minister’s stand that there is no impediment to construction of a reservoir was wholly untenable and against all principles of federalism, she said in her letter.

The Tamil Nadu government, she added, had filed an interlocutory application in the Supreme Court seeking to restrain Karnataka from executing the Shivasamudram and Mekedatu hydro-electric projects on its own. It wanted the apex court to direct the Centre to execute the Shivasamudram, Mekedatu, Hogenekkal and Rasimanal hydel projects as a package through the National Hydro Power Corporation Ltd or any other appropriate Central power generation utility. The civil appeals and the interlocutory application were pending in the Supreme Court and therefore the entire matter is sub judice.

She said her repeated requests to Dr. Singh to instruct the Union Ministry of Water Resources to constitute the Cauvery Management Board and the Cauvery Water Regulation Committee for ensuring the effective implementation of the final order of the Tribunal have not been acceded to.

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The Cauvery river dispute over the years

After 7 years, Cauvery Tribunal to meet again

It will meet under the new chairmanship of Justice B.S. Chauhan

The Cauvery Water Disputes Tribunal will meet in New Delhi on Tuesday to hear applications filed by the Centre, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Kerala seeking clarification on the final award it had passed on February 5, 2007, allocating the quantum of water for each State.

When it last met on July 10, 2007, the Tribunal headed by N.P. Singh had refused to hear the applications saying it would be improper to take up clarificatory applications when the Supreme Court had admitted special leave petitions filed by the three States. “We will not know which portion of the award will survive and whether our order will be modified or not,” the Tribunal had said.

Hence, the applications and court appeals have been pending for the last seven years. The Tribunal had determined the total availability of water in the Cauvery basin at 740 thousand million cubic feet (tmcft) at lower Coleroon Anicut site and allocated 419 tmcft for Tamil Nadu, 270 tmcft for Karnataka, 30 tmcft for Kerala and 7 tmcft to Puducherry.

As per the final award, Karnataka must release 182 tmcft as Tamil Nadu’s share at Bilingundlu gauging station and 10 tmcft for environmental purposes. From this, Tamil Nadu will release 7 tmcft to Puducherry.

The States had filed clarificatory applications on this award.

The Tribunal will meet, under the new chairmanship of Justice B.S. Chauhan, on July 15 to decide its future course of action.

In its petition for taking up hearing of the clarificatory applications, Tamil Nadu said as the Supreme Court had not stayed the final award, there was no impediment for the Tribunal to address the pending applications.

The decision on the pending applications under Section 5(3) of the Inter-State Water Disputes Act, 1956, could be placed before the Supreme Court. This would help dispose of the long-standing dispute.

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The Cauvery river dispute over the years

Karnataka firm on Mekedatu project, says CM

Janata Dal (S) chief H.D. Deve Gowda at Mekedatu near Kanakapura in Ramanagaram district.  

Chief Minister Siddaramaiah on Monday informed the Legislative Assembly that the State Government was committed to implementing the Mekedatu dam project proposed across the Cauvery river in Ramanagaram district.

He would convene an all-party meeting to discus the project and lead a delegation to Delhi to appraise the Centre of the necessity of the project for Karnataka, Mr. Siddaramaiah said during his reply to the debate on the State Budget. 

Referring to Tamil Nadu's opposition to the project, he said the neighbouring State's objection was "politically motivated". The State Government would face the issue "legally".

Mr. Siddaramaiah said Rs. 25 crore had been set aside for preparing a detailed project report. The project was conceived to meet the drinking water needs of people residing in the parched districts around Bengaluru. It would act as a balancing reservoir and harness water flowing into the sea. 

"There is no politics in Krishna and Cauvery waters. We are building the Mekedatu dam within our state, they (TN) will not have any problem from it, and we know how to face this legally," the Chief Minister said.

The State has been releasing 192 tmcft water to Tamil Nadu as per the Cauvery Water Dispute Tribunal. But the neighbouring State had been exploiting the issue all along for political gains, Mr. Siddaramaiah remarked.

Tamil Nadu observed a bandh on Saturday opposing the plan for the Mekadatu project this side of the border. Bus services between the two states were disrupted and pro-Kannada organisations burnt effigies of Tamil Nadu leaders for opposing the project.

The Tamil Nadu Assembly had adopted a unanimous resolution urging Centre to stop Karnataka from going ahead with building the dam across the inter-state river.

Members representing the Cauvery basin area urged the Government to expedite the implementation of the project.



  • September, 2013

    The then Tamil Nadu Chief Minister Jayalalithaa had written to the then prime minister Manmohan Singh urging him to advice Karnataka government not to take up any schemes in the Cauvery basin without the consent of Tamil Nadu.

  • November, 2014

    Karnataka invites Expression of Interest from global consultants to take up a drinking water project at Mekedatu in Kanakapura taluk of Ramanagaram district. This project designed to be bigger than the Krishnaraja Sagar

  • 13 March, 2015

    Karnataka Chief Minister Siddaramaiah in his budget speech proposed preparing a detailed project report for construction of “balancing reservoir” on the upstream of Mekedatu across Cauvery river in Kanakapura taluk in Ramanagaram district.

  • 27 March, 2015

    Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly moved a unanimous resolution urging the Centre to stop the proposed project by Karnataka. Irrigation Minister M.B. Patil says the State’s legal team set to fight Tamil Nadu's objections to the proposed project across the Cauvery.

  • 28 March, 2015

    Tamil Nadu parliamentarians, cutting across party lines, met Prime Minister Narendra Modi. Farmers’ bodies call for a Tamil Nadu bandh on March 28 over the Mekadatu dam row.

  • 29 March, 2015

    Former Prime Minister and Janata Dal (Secular) supremo H.D. Deve Gowda visited the site. There is “no logic” in Tamil Nadu’s objection. “The project will utilise water that flows into the sea and Tamil Nadu need not be apprehensive.”



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The Cauvery river dispute over the years

Cauvery issue: TN, Karnataka MPs in war of words

The AIADMK members later trooped into the Well protesting the reported move by Karnataka.

Members of Lok Sabha from Tamil Nadu and Karnataka were involved in heated exchanges on Thursday over the issue of Cauvery water sharing, a subject which has been a bone of contention between the two states.

As soon as the extended Zero Hour dedicated to the issue of farmers suicide ended, Speaker Sumitra Mahajan allowed AIADMK leader P. Venugopal to raise the issue.

Mr. Venugopal claimed that Karnataka was building two reservoirs on river Cauvery and said the move was against the final award of the Cauvery River Water Dispute Tribunal.

Some Congress members from Karnataka objected to Mr. Venugopal’s remarks but they were shouted down by AIADMK members.

Union Minister Ananth Kumar, who hails from Karnataka, and BJP MP from the state Shobha Karandlaje also opposed the AIADMK’s claim.

The AIADMK members later trooped into the Well protesting the reported move by Karnataka.

During the din, Bishnupada Ray (BJP) literally shouted to grab the Chair’s attention to raise the demand for a state assembly in Andaman and Nicobar Islands.

Asserting that the Lok Sabha was the only place where he could raise his issues, he said the islands were a union territory and there was no state assembly where people’s issues could be raised.

He claimed that the local administration was forcing hawkers to remove their stalls. While in Delhi, illegal occupants were being made authorised occupants, in his constituency hawkers doing business in some areas for yesrs were being forced out by bureaucrats who were running the administration, Mr. Ray said.

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The Cauvery river dispute over the years

Jayalalithaa writes to Modi on Cauvery issue

CHENNAI:TAMILNADU:23/05/2015: Tamil Nadu chief minister J. Jayalalithaa Photo : Hand-out-mail   | Photo Credit: Hand-out-mail

Chief Minister Jayalalithaa on Saturday wrote to Prime Minister Narendra Modi seeking his intervention in the Cauvery issue and requested him to advise the Karnataka Government to release 27.557 TMC ft. of water that is due to Tamil Nadu (till the end of August).

Ms. Jayalalithaa also requested the Prime Minister to ensure that Karnataka releases water in conformity with the Final Order of the Cauvery Water Disputes Tribunal in the coming months.

In a letter to Mr. Modi, the Chief Minister has brought to his attention the default by the Karnataka Government in not adhering to the schedule of release of Cauvery water as stipulated by the Tribunal in its Final Order of February 2007.

The Government of Karnataka, which is the upper riparian State, is duty-bound to ensure the stipulated monthly flows in 10 daily intervals during every water year, as per the Final Order of the Tribunal. The Final Order of the Tribunal has been notified by the Government of India in February 2013, giving it the status of a decree of the Supreme Court, she said.

The Chief Minister said: “On account of Karnataka’s default, Mettur Reservoir could not be opened on the scheduled date of 12th June this year for the farmers to raise the Kuruvai Crop in the Cauvery Delta. However, the Mettur Reservoir was opened on August 9 with the available quantity of 60.411 TMC ft to enable the farmers to raise at least one single Samba Crop and the agricultural operations are in full swing”.

Ms. Jayalalithaa said the storage in Mettur Reservoir as on Friday was only 50.552 TMC ft. and the inflow continued to dwindle. “However, Karnataka has enough storage in its 4 major Reservoirs and has been releasing water from July for its irrigation,” she said.

“As against the quantity of 94 TMC ft. of water due to Tamil Nadu at Billigundulu as per the Final Order of the Tribunal, as on August 31, only a meagre quantity of 66.443 TMC ft. has been released. Thus, there is a huge shortfall of 27.557 TMC ft. Instead of releasing our legitimate share as per the Final Order of the Tribunal, Karnataka continues to utilise all the water in its Reservoirs as if it owns the Cauvery River with scant regard to the plight of the farmers in Tamil Nadu,” the Chief Minister has said.

She pointed out in her letter that her repeated requests for the formation of the Cauvery Management Board and the Cauvery Water Regulation Committee have not yet been acceded to by the Government of India.

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The Cauvery river dispute over the years

Karnataka objects to Tamil Nadu’s plea to release Cauvery water

Objecting to Tamil Nadu’s application, Karnataka said the flows into the Cauvery basin had been drastically less due to the failure of the south-west monsoon.

The Karnataka government has told the Supreme Court that Tamil Nadu’s demand for the release of 45.32 tmcft of Cauvery water proceeds from a wholly erroneous premise that the water year of 2015-16 in the Cauvery basin is a “normal year” and not a “distress year”.

Objecting to Tamil Nadu’s application, Karnataka said the flows into the Cauvery basin had been drastically less due to the failure of the south-west monsoon in Karnataka and Kerala this year.

It said the flows into the four reservoirs in Karnataka had been less from June to October. Reacting to Karnataka’s stance, leaders of farmers’ organisations in the Cauvery delta region of Tamil Nadu said the protraction of the dispute could have been avoided had the Cauvery Management Board (CMB) been constituted as per the Cauvery River Water Disputes Tribunal’s order for implementing its final award.

“If such a body had been there, these mathematical confusions leading to legal disputes and erroneous presentations before courts on the inflow, discharge and storage details pertaining to both States would not have arisen,” contended Mannargudi S. Ranganathan, general secretary of the Tamil Nadu Cauvery Farmers’ Welfare Association.

In its affidavit, Karnataka contended that despite a “distress situation,” it had ensured the release of 107.719 tmcft up to the end of October at the inter-State border, Biligundlu.

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The Cauvery river dispute over the years

Release 15,000 cusecs of Cauvery water to TN, apex court tells Karnataka

File photo of Krishnaraja Sagar dam.  

The Supreme Court, on Monday, directed the Karnataka government to release 15,000 cusecs of Cauvery water per day to Tamil Nadu for the next 10 days to ameliorate the plight of farmers.

Noting that the samba crops in Tamil Nadu would be adversely affected, a Bench — comprising Justices Dipak Misra and U.U. Lalit — directed Karnataka to ensure supply of water to Tamil Nadu.

The apex court also directed Tamil Nadu to approach the supervisory committee within three days for the release of Cauvery water as per the final order of the Cauvery Water Disputes Tribunal’s (CWDT).

The Supreme Court also asked the Committee to decide on Tamil Nadu’s plea in ten days.

“We think it’s appropriate to direct Karnataka to release 15,000 cusecs of water per day for ten days,” the Bench said, while also directing Tamil Nadu to release water to Puducherry appropriately as per its interim arrangement.

“We think it’s appropriate to direct Karnataka to release 15,000 cusecs of water per day for ten days,” the bench said, while also directing Tamil Nadu to release water to Puducherry appropriately as per its interim arrangement.

In a recent plea, Tamil Nadu had sought a direction to Karnataka to release 50.52 tmc feet of Cauvery water to save 40,000 acres of samba crops this season.

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Release of water not enough to raise samba crop: TN BJP

Tamil Nadu BJP president Tamilisai Soundararajan. File photo  

Karnataka had started releasing Cauvery water to Tamil Nadu from Tuesday, complying with the apex court directive to release 15,000 cusecs per day for 10 days.

The Bharatiya Janata Party’s Tamil Nadu unit on Wednesday said although the release of Cauvery water to the state by Karnataka as per the directive of the Supreme Court, came as a relief, it was not adequate to raise samba crops.

“The release of water from Cauvery following the Supreme Court order, though came as a relief, it is not enough to raise samba crops,” party state president Tamilisai Soundararajan told reporters here.

>Karnataka had started releasing Cauvery water to Tamil Nadu from Tuesday, complying with the Supreme Court directive to release 15,000 cusecs per day for 10 days.

Ms. Tamilisai said though Tamil Nadu had equal rights on Cauvery water, the state was in a “peculiar” situation that it has to get the water through legal process.

The state government should convene an all party meeting to discuss and find a solution to the vexed issue, she said.

The agitations in various parts of Karnataka in the wake of the Supreme Court directive were against national spirit, she said.

Following the agitations, people in both the states were put to a lot of hardship as inter-state buses were not plying, she said.

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The Cauvery river dispute over the years

Karnataka seeks change in SC order

Succumbing to political pressure and the wave of public protests, the Karnataka government on Saturday filed a plea to modify a Supreme Court order directing it to share Cauvery water with distressed neighbour Tamil Nadu.



In a move depicting its urgency, the Karnataka government’s legal team knocked on the door of the Supreme Court Judicial Registrar’s home around 10.30 p.m. and handed over its modification application to the official.



The plea, for an urgent hearing in the matter, will be placed before Chief Justice of India T.S. Thakur, who in all likelihood would refer it to a Bench led by Justice Dipak Misra. It was Justice Misra’s Bench which had on September 5 passed the interim order for release of 15,000 cusecs to Tamil Nadu.



Karnataka lawyers went the extra mile to have the petition heard urgently because the Supreme Court is on leave on both September 13 and 14.



The application said that 66,000 cusecs of water had already been released to Tamil Nadu as a goodwill gesture from September 5 till September 10.



It said the water is for storage purpose in Tamil Nadu while Karnataka is reeling under a drinking water crisis. The application said the order had caused great distress to the public and ordinary farmers of Karnataka was in a turmoil. It said the samba region of Tamil Nadu had sufficient supply of ground water for cultivation.



The apex court had ordered Karnataka to release 15,000 cusecs of Cauvery water for a period of 10 days to the State to feed its parched agricultural lands in the “interests of justice.”



The decision to direct Karnataka to part with 15,000 cusecs of water for the stipulated period came shortly after the apex court had urged it to embrace the principle of “live and let live.” It had advised Karnataka to take steps to release Cauvery water to distressed Tamil Nadu to help the latter continue to “exist as an entity.”



The court noted that Tamil Nadu had suffered deficit for three straight months in June, July and August this year.



The State had sought the apex court’s intervention to release 50.052 tmcft of Cauvery water from Karnataka’s reservoirs. It had accused Karnataka of diverting precious river water meant to be a lifesaver for Tamil Nadu farmers during distress years for undeclared projects in violation of the final orders of the Cauvery Water Disputes Tribunal in 2007.



The application said the State had not even received the 10 daily/monthly releases of Cauvery water for the months from June 1 to August 19, 2016, causing a cumulative shortfall of 50.052 tmcft at Biligundlu.

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The Cauvery river dispute over the years

SC slams Karnataka, but modifies order on Cauvery water release to TN

File photo of Krishnaraja Sagar dam.  

"Citizens cannot become a law unto themselves. Once the Supreme Court orders something, it is the obligation of the Executive and citizens to obey".

In a stern message asking people in Karnataka and Tamil Nadu “to behave”, the Supreme Court on Monday refused a > plea by the Siddaramiah government to freeze a > September 5 order on release of Cauvery water to Tamil Nadu for 10 days.



The court, however, reduced the quantum of daily water release ordered earlier, from 15,000 cusecs to 12,000 cusecs. The release of water should continue till September 20. A Bench of Justices Dipak Misra and U.U. Lalit, presiding over a specially convened session on a court holiday, slammed Karnataka for asking the court to keep in “abeyance” an order because it had sparked violence, calling the demand “absolutely disturbing and to say the least, totally deprecable.”



The apex court modified its September 5 order, heeding senior advocate and Karnataka counsel Fali Nariman’s submission that “there is a need for water as there is less of drinking water and the sufferings of the farmers are immense” in the State. This modified order would be in vogue till September 20, the date of the next court hearing.



The Bench observed that the executive should not be cowed down while doing its constitutional duties.



“An order of this Court has to be complied with by all concerned and it is the obligation of the executive to see that the order is complied with in letter and spirit. Concept of deviancy has no room and disobedience has no space...” the Supreme Court declared.



The court warned miscreants in both States who resorted to rampage instead of pursuing available legal remedies: “Citizens cannot become law unto themselves. When a court of law passes an order, it is the sacred duty of the citizens to obey the same. We expect the inhabitants of both the States, namely, the State of Karnataka and State of Tamil Nadu, shall behave, regard being had to the respect for law and order.”



Our ground realities real: Karnataka

The 12-page court order made scathing remarks about Karnataka’s apprehensions about “spontaneous agitations” in the State.



The State maintained that it was not just the paralysis of normal life and destruction of public and private properties worth “hundreds of crores of rupees” that made it return to the Supreme Court, but other “ground realities of needs and requirements” too.



During the arguments, Mr. Nariman urged that Karnataka had released approximately 84,168 cusecs at Biligundlu from September 5 to 12, and by the end of Monday it may have exceeded a lakh. He submitted that the total water in Karnataka’s reservoir was less than water in the reservoir in Tamil Nadu.



Karnataka submitted that the outflow from Mettur reservoir to dependent systems was 1,250 cusecs a day for samba crops and so, the “agony” expressed by Tamil Nadu counsel and senior advocate Shekhar Naphade was sheer anxiety. It submitted that the Supervisory Committee was meeting on Monday and the Supreme Court order should be kept in abeyance till it took a decision.



“Otherwise the State of Karnataka would suffer immensely as there will be shortage of drinking water and water for irrigation,” Karnataka argued.



In its counter, Tamil Nadu contended that the law and order situation could not be a ground for modifying a Supreme Court order.



Karnataka had an inflow of about four tmc in its four major reservoirs from September 1 to 10 and the flow realised at Biligundlu out of the release from Karnataka’s reservoirs up to September 11 was about 4.8 TMC.



“Thus it is evident that Karnataka has released to Tamil Nadu only the inflows received by it and the depletion in storage is due to its own drawal and not on account of release to Tamil Nadu,” Mr. Naphade contended.

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Curfew lifted in Bengaluru

Home Minister G. Parameshwara, on Wednesday, visited the depot on Mysuru Road where over 30 buses belonging to KPN Travels were burnt. Photo: V. Sreenivasa Murthy  

Death toll is two: one died on Monday in police firing and the other on Tuesday of the injuries he sustained in Monday's violence in Bengaluru.

Normalcy returned to violence-hit Bengaluru on Wednesday, a day of after uneasy calm prevailed in the city following large-scale violence over Cauvery water sharing row with Tamil Nadu.

Transport vehicles were back in service and establishments functioned normally, senior police officials said, adding, adequate measures have been put in place to prevent occurrence of any untoward incidents.

Curfew, imposed late on Monday night, was lifted in 16 police station limits of the city. However, prohibitory orders are still in place. The city police have now initiated investigations to identify the perpetrators who indulged in violence.

The updates:

3.00 p.m.: Police Commissioner N.S. Megharikh says there is no bandh call. Most shops and commercial establishments open on Wednesday after two tense days.

12.33 p.m.: Curfew has been lifted in all 16 police station limits of the city, confirms Police Commissioner N.S. Megharikh.

12.31 p.m.: Mohit M. Rao reports from Bengaluru: Few shops in Hegganahalli open despite police asking them to remain shut. Shopkeepers are saying they can't afford to keep the shutters down.

Many provision shops are open while schools remain shut. Traffic is significantly low, but vehicles moving about.

11.47 a.m.: KSRTC bus services have resumed in Mysuru.

11.45 a.m.: Though government has not declared holiday for schools and colleges, few private institutions remain shut.

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Tuesday:

8.30 pm: In the wake of the prevailing situation in Bengaluru due to the Cauvery water issue, domestic airlines including national carrier Air India today announced waiving off flight cancellation/ rescheduling changes for some of their flights for a specified period. Air India said it would not charge any fee for cancellation of a ticket or rescheduling of its flights to and from Bengaluru and Hubballi upto September 16. Private carriers Jet Airways and Vistara also said they have decided to waive off date and flight change fee due to the situation in the Karnatka capital.

7.10 pm: Namma Metro will commence operation this evening, 13th September from 7-15pm onward in both Line 1 and Line 2 up to normal closing time. Trains will run at a 15-minute frequency. Frequency will be increased depending on the rush. Normal service will resume on Wednesday morning.

6.30 pm: Offices of IT giants TCS, Infosys and Wipro as also e-commerce majors Flipkart and Amazon remained closed in Bengaluru today. Many employees were asked to work from home as the companies invoked business continuity plans to ensure there is no disruption to mission critical projects. India’s top three IT firms —— Tata Consultancy Services, Infosys and Wipro —— which have a significant presence in the city declared a holiday today. The three alone have over 70,000 people working at their campuses in the country’s IT capital.

6.00 pm: At Coimbatore, at least 30 NMK activists, led by its district secretary Wahab, raised slogans against Karnataka and went to Karnataka Association hall in Tatabad, police said. However, they were stopped near the Association building and arrested. At Neyveli, police foiled protestors’ bid to burn an effigy of Karnataka Chief Minister Siddaramiah and detained activists of the Tamizhaga Vazhvurimai Katchi.

5.30 pm: In Chennai, unidentified men pelted stones at an ATM of Karnataka Bank, damaging the glass panes, police said. Activists of NMK held protests outside hotels owned by natives of Karnataka in different places in Chennai and around 12 people were arrested when they tried to enter the premises at Mylapore.

3.24 p.m.: Cabinet decides to abide by Supreme Court direction on Cauvery issue. Chief Minister Siddaramaiah says those defying law will be dealt with firmly.

3.04 p.m.: Another person succumbs to injuries sustained during Monday's violence.

2.52 p.m.: The Bengaluru police have arrested over 300 persons in connection with Monday’s violence. The hunt is on to arrest those who have incited violence, says Home Minister G. Parameshwara.

He also cautions miscreants of stringent action. “The government will not spare anybody who indulges in violence and destruction of public property,” he said. >More...

2.22 p.m.: The police have provided security to the estate of Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK) chief M. Karunanidhi's daughter Selvi at Vaderhalli on the outskirts of Bengaluru, following a protest demonstration by members of the Samata Sainik Dal (SSD). >More...

1.06 p.m.: Leader of Congress in the Lok Sabha M. Mallikarjun Kharge urges Prime Minister Narendra Modi to intervene by convening a meeting of the Chief Ministers of Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Puducherry. >More...

12.24 p.m.: Modi >appeals for calm in the two States. "Whenever the country has faced adverse circumstances, the people of Karnataka and Tamil Nadu, just like people across the country, have always handled the situation with sensitivity. I appeal to the people of the two States, to display sensitivity, and also keep in mind their civic responsibilities," he says.

11.54 a.m.: Mohit M. Rao reports from Bengaluru:

There is an uneasy calm in Mysuru road, the epicentre of violence on Monday. Traffic is low, but vehicles and pedestrians are seen despite the curfew. No protests or violence reported. Services at Satellite Bus Stand have come to a standstill.

11.27 a.m.: The Karnataka government has announced a compensation of Rs. 10 lakh to the family of Umesh who died in police firing on Monday.

11.20 a.m.: P.V. Srividya reports from Hosur:

According to Superintendent of Police, Krishnagiri, Mahesh Kumar, no vehicles will be allowed to cross over until the situation across the border attains normalcy. He says exceptions may be made for AP registered vehicles.

11.09 a.m.: Information & Broadcasting Minister M. Venkaiah Naidu has appealed for calm in Karnataka and Tamil Nadu. Mr Naidu says the dispute is being looked at by the Supreme Court of India and should not be brought in to the streets.

11.07 a.m.:



10.55 a.m.:





10.37 a.m.: The Mandya division buses are not being operated. Mysore city division buses are not being operated towards KRS and Srirangapatna. No TN-bound buses are running from Kolar, Bangalore Central Division, Chamarajnagar and Mysore rural division.

10.34 a.m.: Metro services in Bengaluru have been temporarily suspended. No incidents of violence in Karnataka.

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Monday:

11.30 p.m.: Instructions have been issued by Coaching Dte, Railway Board to run a special train from Bangalore to Trivandrum tomorrow on the request of Karnataka govt, according to a message from Sr. DCM, South Western Railway, Bengalur Division.

11.15 p.m.: Curfew has been imposed in parts of Bengaluru.

Curfew has been imposed in police station limits in Rajgopal Nagar; Kamakshipalya; Vijaynagar; Vijaynagar; Byatarayanpura; Kengeri; Magadi Road and Rajajinagar.

11.00 p.m.: One person was killed, while a few were injured when security police fired at a mob at Laggere late on Monday.

Around 7.30 p.m., a mob of around 50 people were seen ransacking a shop at Hegganahalli Cross near Laggere.

A Hoysala patrolling vehicle and a platoon of the Karnataka State Reserve Police (KSRP) rushed in to contain the situation. However, the mob turned their ire on the police vehicle and attempted to torch the Hoysala car, said officials. Eventually, the police fired 12 rounds to disperse the crowd.

In the melee, at least five people sustained injuries. While most of them suffered bullet injuries to the leg, Umesh (25) was reportedly killed. He is from Kunigal taluk and was working at a petrol bunk in the city for the past six years.

10.00 p.m.: Tamil Nadu Chief Minister Jayalalithaa writes a letter to Karnataka Chief Minister Siddaramaiah asking him to "ensure the safety and security of many lakhs of Tamil speaking people residing in Karnataka."

8.00 pm: KSRTC has cancelled night buses to kerala via Mysore. Many have booked unreserved train tickets after buses cancelled operations.

6.30 pm: At least 30 buses of a private transport operator from Tamil Nadu torched by an angry mob at its depot at Nayandahalli.

5.41 pm: More than 30 Tamil Nadu lorries have been damaged so far. They were moving on the NH4 near Sathyamangala around 4.30 pm in Tumakuru city. One lorry was set on fire and was doused by police and fire personnel who had been parked on the premises of Balaji rubber factory.

Unidentified miscreants pelted stones on the lorries, after which they fled. The lorries have been taken to a safer place.



The lorry that was set on fire. Photo: Special Arrangement


5.40 pm: Shops in K.R. market, Kalasipalya and J.C road closed.

5.35 pm: Around 200 people have been detained by police since the morning for participating in the protests: Home Minister G. Parameshwara

5.30 p.m.: Amid escalating tension in Karnataka over the Cauvery water dispute, the Centre today assured all assistance to the state to maintain law and order and ensure peace. “I am in touch with the Chief Secretary of Karnataka and whatever help is required will be provided,” Union Home Secretary Rajiv Mehrishi told reporters here.

5.18 p.m.: Section 144 imposed across Bengaluru, Pandavapura and all four dam sites as violence intensifies.

4.57 p.m.: A fringe Tamil-outfit barges into a Karnataka Bank branch and created ruckus. Around 25 workers of the Tamizhaga Vazhvurimai Katchi enter the branch on Misson Street wielding broomsticks and ask bank staff to vacate the premises.

4.31 p.m.:

4.16 p.m.: Stones pelted at Poorvika mobile store and Murugan Idli Shop at Indiranagar in Bengaluru

4.13 p.m.: Buses stopped on Mysuru road area.

4.11 p.m.: Chief Minister Siddaramaiah says > he will write to Chief Minister Jayalalithaa to help maintain cordiality between the two States. Siddaramaiah says he will also speak to Home Minister Rajnath Singh, if necessary, on the incidents targeting Kannadigas.

4.02 p.m.:

Police removing TN registration plate and Tamil writing from a car for "safety". Photo: Mohit M. Rao

3.54 p.m.: All Tamil Nadu-bound bus services have been stopped. Also, Kerala-bound buses that go through Tamil Nadu have been stopped. We will take a call on whether night services to Kerala should operate depending on situation, says KSRTC spokesperson

3.44 p.m.: Shops in Mysuru road have been shut.

3.39 p.m.: Pro-Kannada activists enter Mantri Square on Sampige Road in Malleswaram. BMTC services have been stopped from Satellite bus station on Mysuru Road.

2:15 pm: Bengaluru's Namma Metro has suspended its service since 12:30 pm as a precautionary measure. Several schools and colleges have declared half day leave and asked the students to go back home. Police have been deployed heavily on bus stations as a preventive measure.

2.00 pm: S. Prasad reports from Chennai: Thirty persons owing allegiance to various Pro-Tamil outfits were arrested when they attempted to lay siege to the Karnataka Bank located. >Read More

1.57 p.m.: R. Sivaraman confirms from Chennai that four persons have been arrested in connection with the attack on New Woodlands Hotel.

1:10 pm: Adyar Ananda Bhavan sweets stall ransacked in Mysuru Road, Bengaluru.

A lorry with TN registration number was set on fire in Timber Yard Layout, Bengaluru. Photo: G.P. Sampath Kumar

12.50 p.m.: Laiqh A. Khan reports from Mysuru: Karnataka's border with Tamil Nadu along Chamarajanagar district has been sealed in the wake of fresh disturbances reported in the Cauvery basin districts.

"We have sealed the borders and not allowing any vehicle to pass through" said Superintendent of Chamarajanagar district police Kuldeep Kumar Jain.

The district police have set up checkposts on the seven roads leading to Tamil Nadu from Chamarajanagar district.

One truck bearing Tamil Nadu registration number was pelted with stones in Chamarajanagar. One person has been arrested in the connection.

However, vehicles are going up to the border, where passengers are alighting and crossing the checkpost by foot before taking a different vehicle to their respective destinations in Tamil Nadu, police said.

12.44 p.m.: Mohit M. Rao reports: KSRTC stops bus services to TamilNadu. Buses in Tamil Nadu are being monitored by the local police, who have assured KSRTC of complete protection.

12.30 p.m.: The TN DGP has called for a high-level meeting to review the situation on the Cauvery issue along the State borders. It'll go on for an hour from now.

As of now there has been no incident of bus burning anywhere in the State. Just heavy police deployment along the border.

12.14 p.m.: P.V. Srividya reports from Hosur:

The permission granted to Tamil Nadu buses to enter Jujuvadi ended on Sunday night. Superintendent of Police Mahesh Kumar told The Hindu that a 150-strong police force is monitoring the border post. Police are not allowing the movement of Tamil Nadu vehicles across the border.

However, Karnataka buses are being allowed entry to ease the movement of commuters across the border.

Situation remains incident-free at the border.

12.09 p.m.: The Supreme Court directs Karnataka to release 12,000 cusecs Cauvery water a day to Tamil Nadu till Sept 20.

12.06 p.m: Bus services stopped from Ramnagara to Tamilnadu. A Tamil Nadu lorry was attacked near the police training school in Ramnagara. It was heading to Bengaluru from Mysuru.

12.02 p.m.: Tamil residents attacked in Pandavapura and their six shops attacked and destroyed.

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