Telangana

Check dams to get recharge shafts

As part of the project, farmers were trained in assessing the groundwater availability by measuring the levels and rainfall.  

The Telangana government has decided to upscale the practise of constructing recharge shafts in the existing check dams at a cost of ₹70 crore following successful adaptation of a pilot project attempted in an aquifer falling between two drought prone mandals of Chandur and Marriguda in Nalgonda district.

The work — ‘Users Centered Aquifer Level Groundwater Management Pilot’ — undertaken as part of World Bank funded Nagarjunasagar left bank canal network repair project and completed last year, was actually taken up in an area outside the canal network.

Farmers’ involvement

In this, the farmers community was involved in groundwater management with support of Groundwater Department and a non-governmental organisation. Farmers were trained in assessing the groundwater availability by measuring the levels and rainfall.

Crop plans were prepared keeping availability of the groundwater in view.

About 23 groundwater recharge structures with recharge shaft were constructed in the pilot area and after which a substantial rise in groundwater levels was noticed.

The pilot area has come to ‘semi-critical’ category from ‘critical category’ with regards to exploitation of groundwater, according to Project Director G. Malsur.

The ₹2,100 crore Water Sector Improvement Project Telangana State (WSIPTS) for modernising the canal network to benefit two lakh farmers of Nalgonda, Khammam and Suryapet, also saw equitable distribution of irrigation water from tail-end to head reaches with farmers following “on and off” method of irrigation resulting in improved water use efficiency. Conjunctive use of both groundwater and surface water too resulted in significant increase area of irrigation.

Dr. Malsur said the government has also decided to purchase one transplanter for each mandal initially as mechanised transplantation of paddy through demonstrations — subsiding ₹1500 rent on hire charge of ₹3,500 per acre — helped farmers overcome labour shortage, save time and cost on raising nurseries.

Similarly, 100 mobile diagnostic labs equipped with latest equipment are likely to be introduced in the region following good feedback from the farmers to the three mobile labs introduced as part of the project with door-step health services provided at no extra cost, he added.

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Printable version | Mar 8, 2021 10:20:34 AM | https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/telangana/check-dams-to-get-recharge-shafts/article26562199.ece

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