Tamil Nadu

Focus on increasing coconut production using modern technologies

Dr. N. Sriram, Programme Coordinator, Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Sandhiyur, explaining the coconut leaf disease during the World Coconut Day celebrations on the KVK premises at Akkaraipalayam village, Salem district.

Dr. N. Sriram, Programme Coordinator, Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Sandhiyur, explaining the coconut leaf disease during the World Coconut Day celebrations on the KVK premises at Akkaraipalayam village, Salem district.  

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Akaraipalayam village in Veerapandi block is famous for adopting coconut based cropping system in toto. Coconut is the primary and main crop of the farmers here.

Despite this, the farmers here are lagging behind in adopting the latest farm technologies, much to the surprise of the farm scientists’ community.

The Tamil Nadu Agricultural University – Krishi Vigyan Kendra at Sandhiyur took advantage of the World Coconut Day celebrations held in Akaraipalayam recently to organise different programmes and field demonstration to create the much needed awareness on the modern technologies involved in coconut cultivation.

The final year B. Sc Horticulture students of the TNAU Government Horticulture College and Research Institute for Women, Tiruchi, joined hands with the KVK scientists in convincing farmers of this village on the need for adopting scientifically proven modern technologies for increasing coconut production in the country.

The theme of the World Coconut Day 2015 was ‘coconut for family nutrition, health and wellness’. Coconut related quiz programme, demonstrations on coconut tonic, identification of pest and diseases and nutrient deficiency symptoms were organized during the celebrations held recently for coconut growers by the students with the assistance of the KVK scientists.

N. Sriram, Programme coordinator, KVK Sandhiyur, led the scientists who involved the farmers in various activities on that day. Dr. Sriram while explaining the need for according priority in selecting the mother palms as per the required characters, said that crown should be spherical, semi spherical, should have 30-40 fully opened leaves, 12-15 bunches with high setting of female flowers etc.

The coconut tree should be in the age of 25-50 years. The nuts from each selected mother palms attain full maturity in a year. Only the trees with above characters should be selected as mother palm for raising the coconut nursery. The Horticulture students explained the latest nursery techniques and planting of seedlings and also the Integrated Nutrient Management practices for coconut. The scientists and the Horticulture students jointly conducted a demonstration on coconut tonic application. They also demonstrated on finding good roots for applying the coconut tonic. They informed the farmers said that the coconut tonic invented by TNAU gives better result in increasing coconut production.

The farmers also got useful tips on intercropping for coconut garden for increased profit. A variety of intercrops like pineapple, banana, groundnut, chillies, sweet potato, and tapioca can be raised in coconut garden after the palms attain a height of 5-6 metre. In older plantations; cocoa, pepper, clove, cinnamon, nutmeg can be grown as mixed crop.

A. Sudha, subject matter specialist – plant pathology, KVK Sandhiyur, demonstrated the integrated pest and disease management techniques for coconut plantation. Training was also imparted on suitable management practices for each pest and disease.

The farmers commended both the scientists and horticulture students for coming to their assistance at the right time.

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Printable version | Jan 19, 2020 2:54:43 PM | https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/tamil-nadu/focus-on-increasing-coconut-production-using-modern-technologies/article7627338.ece

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