Psychological test of death row convicts is essential, says Supreme Court

Apex court says mitigating investigators need to be given access to the prisoners to dig out any circumstances which may help the court when it hears the appeal

October 27, 2022 10:17 pm | Updated October 28, 2022 02:43 am IST - NEW DELHI

In a significant order, the Supreme Court has made it clear that the psychological evaluation of condemned prisoners by expert doctors, and access to them by mitigating investigators, are essential before the hearing begins on their appeals against the death penalty.

A Bench led by Chief Justice of India U.U. Lalit said these reports would provide invaluable assistance for the Court to have an independent and holistic picture of the physical and mental condition and background of the condemned person whose life hangs in balance.

The Court was hearing appeals against the death sentence filed by convicts Prakash Vishwanath Darandale and Ramesh Vishwanath Darandale, presently lodged in Nashik Central Jail. They were found guilty of a brutal murder in 2013.

The Bombay High Court had confirmed their death penalty. Their appeals were admitted by the Supreme Court in May 2020 and the execution of their death sentence was stayed.

The Bench's recent order said the Court has been lately focussing on the psychological evaluation of convicts in death penalty cases. Further, mitigation experts need to be given access to the prisoners to dig out any circumstances which may help the Court while it hears the appeal. Anything overlooked would lead to irreparable consequences in death penalty cases.

"Facets touching upon the character and behaviour of the appellant(s) would be essential in order to have a complete assessment in the matter," the Court said in the present case.

It ordered the Director/Head, Dr. Vasantrao Pawar Medical College Hospital and Research Centre, Nashik, Maharashtra to constitute a suitable team for the psychological evaluation of the accused/appellant(s) in these cases and send a report before the next date of hearing.

The Bench further allowed Katherine Deborah Joy and Baljeet Kaur, who are associated with Project 39-A of the National Law University Delhi, to have access to the two convicts in prison to collect information that may be relevant to their sentencing and submit a report in Court.

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