National

India's religions by numbers

India’s Muslim population is growing slower than it had in the previous decades, and its growth rate has slowed more sharply than that of the Hindu population, new Census data show. The Registrar-General and Census Commissioner released the data on Population by Religious Communities of Census 2011.

The decadal Muslim rate of growth is the lowest it has been in India's history:





Here are the percentages of Hindus, Muslims, Christians and Sikhs in Indian States as per the 2011 Census data:



States

Hindus

Muslims

Christians

Sikhs

Andaman & Nicobar Islands

69.45

8.52

21.28

0.34

Andhra Pradesh

88.46

9.56

1.34

0.05

Arunachal Pradesh

29.04

1.95

30.26

0.24

Assam

61.47

34.22

3.74

0.07

Bihar

82.69

16.87

0.12

0.02

Chandigarh

80.78

4.87

0.83

13.11

Chhattisgarh

93.25

2.02

1.92

0.27

Dadra & Nagar Haveli

93.93

3.76

1.49

0.06

Daman & Diu

90.50

7.92

1.16

0.07

Goa

66.08%

8.33

25.10

0.10

Gujarat

88.57

9.67

0.52

0.10

Haryana

87.46

7.03

0.20

4.91

Himachal Pradesh

95.17

2.18

0.18

1.16

Jammu & Kashmir

28.44

68.31

0.28

1.87

Jharkhand

67.83

14.53

4.30

0.22

Karnataka

84.00

12.92

1.87

0.05

Kerala

54.73

26.56

18.38

0.01

Lakshadweep

2.77

96.58

0.49

0.01

Madhya Pradesh

90.89

6.57

0.29

0.21

Maharashtra

79.83

11.54

0.96

0.20

Manipur

41.39

8.40

41.29

0.05

Meghalaya

11.53

4.40

74.59

0.10

Mizoram

2.75

1.35

87.16

0.03

Nagaland

8.75

2.47

87.93

0.10

Nct Of Delhi

81.68

12.86

0.87

3.40

Odisha

93.63

2.17

2.77

0.05

Puducherry

87.30

6.05

6.29

0.02

Punjab

38.49

1.93

1.26

57.69

Rajasthan

88.49

9.07

0.14

1.27

Sikkim

57.76

1.62

9.91

0.31

Tamil Nadu

87.58

5.86

6.12

0.02

Tripura

83.40

8.60

4.35

0.03

Uttar Pradesh

79.73

19.26

0.18

0.32

Uttarakhand

82.97

13.95

0.37

2.34

West Bengal

70.54

27.01

0.72

0.07

India

79.80

14.23

2.30

1.72

India now has 966.3 million Hindus, who make up 79.8 per cent of its population, and 172.2 million Muslims, who make up 14.23 per cent. Among the other minorities, Christians make up 2.3 per cent of the population and Sikhs 2.16 per cent.

A look at the decadal growth rate of the Hindus and Muslims and the rate of change:





Hindus

Muslims

Year

Population (millions)

Decadal growth rate

Change in decadal growth rate

Population (millions)

Decadal growth rate

Change in decadal growth rate

2011

966.3

16.76%

-3.17%

172.2

24.60%

-4.92%

2001

827.6

19.92%

-2.78%

138.2

29.52%

-3.35%

1991

690.1

22.71%

-1.36%

106.7

32.88%

2.09%

1981

562.4

24.07%

0.38%

80.3

30.78%

-0.14%

1971

453.3

23.68%

2.93%

61.4

30.92%

-1.57%

1961

366.5

20.76%

20.76%

46.9

32.49%

32.49%

1951

303.5





35.4





Source: Compiled by The Hindu from Census and other sources

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Printable version | May 8, 2021 9:35:50 PM | https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/religious-communities-census-2011-what-the-numbers-say/article7582284.ece

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