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Cases of diabetes, cancer rise in rural areas of Madhya Pradesh

Burden moderate in urban areas due to more awareness: National Health Mission

Non-communicable diseases like hypertension, diabetes and cancerare posing a bigger challenge in the non-tribal rural areas of Madhya Pradesh than in the urban areas owing to a rapidly growing rate of incidence and the lack of awareness, according to the National Health Mission (NHM).

Screening of 30 lakh persons above the age of 30 across the State in December has revealed that Raisen, Hoshangabad and Seoni districts face the highest burden of the diseases.

“We anticipated urban districts like Bhopal, Gwalior or Indore to fare the worst,” said Saloni Sidana, Additional Mission Director, State unit of the National Health Mission. “More awareness, as in the case of urban areas, translates into patients undergoing treatment despite a high incidence. As a result, the burden is moderate in urban areas, but due to low awareness in rural areas, it is increasing there,” said Dr. Sidana.

During the screening drive, taken up under the Centre’s Non Communicable Disease Control Programme, what surprised officials was the low incidence in the 89 tribal blocks in the State, which has largest tribal population in the country, despite the low awareness levels.

Cases of diabetes, cancer rise in rural areas of Madhya Pradesh
 

“Trans fatty acids when consumed in hydrogenated forms is a major cause of hypertension or high blood pressure levels,” said Dr. Sidana. “Still, cooking oil is reused for the purpose in several rural areas.”

The programme, which was launched recently and under which 86% of those screened have been put under treatment, focusses on identifying non-communicable diseases at the primary health-centre (PHC) level itself, and ensuring treatment up to the district-level and follow-ups with patients to continue medication.

In the first phase, 1,200 PHCs were roped in. In contrast to patients visiting a health centre, ASHA workers now go door-to-door to draft family profiles and screen them for the non-communicable diseases, added Dr. Sidana.

Meanwhile, the India Hypertension Control Initiative, supported by the World Health Organisation, is catering to patients above 18 suffering from the diseases in Bhopal, Sehore, Chhindwara, Seoni, Ujjain and Ratlam districts, said Ashish Saxena, Deputy Director, State Health Department, at a seminar on hypertension organised by Consumer Voice in Bhopal.

Of the screened persons, 2,55,420 were diagnosed for hypertension, he said. “We ensure follow-ups through the SMS service and contact by ASHA workers. The patient is approached, not the other way round,” he said.

Of the country’s 100 districts with the highest prevalence of hypertension, 15 were in Madhya Pradesh. Nearly 22% of the State’s residents fell in the above average category (140 mm of Hg/90 mm of Hg), according to the Annual Health Survey, 2014.

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Printable version | Feb 26, 2020 10:42:34 AM | https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/non-communicable-diseases-rising-in-non-tribal-rural-regions-of-madhya-pradesh/article30659643.ece

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