HC says Law Commission needs to rethink age criteria for consensual sex

Asks Education Department to evolve mechanism to educate students from Class IX onwards about criminalised acts and the consequences

November 07, 2022 09:02 pm | Updated 09:02 pm IST - Bengaluru

The High Court of Karnataka has said that the Law Commission of India will have to rethink the age criteria in law for having consensual sex to address the issue of instances of sexual intercourse as a result of mutual love affair amongst minor girls and boys, who are aged above 16 but are below 18.

The court also directed the Principal Secretary, State Education Department, to set up a committee to evolve a mechanism for educating students, at least from Class IX onwards about the acts, which are criminalised under the Protection of Children from Sexual Offences (POCSO) Act, 2012 and the similar provisions under the Indian Penal Code (IPC), and the consequences of such acts.

A Division Bench, comprising Justice Suraj Govindaraj and Justice G. Basavaraj, pointed out that court is coming across several criminal cases relating to minor girls above the age of 16 having fallen in love and eloped with a boy, either a minor or just attained majority, and in the meantime having had sexual intercourse with the boy.

The Bench made the observations while dismissing an appeal filed by the State against the trial court’s 2020 order of acquitting a boy from a POCSO Act case of 2016 after the girl, her parents and the relatives turned hostile during the trial, and it was brought to trial court’s notice that both the girl and the boy had married in 2017. The High Court also noted that they are living together as married couple and having two children now.

It is also seen that many of the above offences, which are deemed offences under IPC or POCSO Act, are deemed to have been committed as a result of or on account of lack of knowledge on the part of the minor girl and the boy, and many a time both know each other well being classmates or otherwise, the court said.

“Though lack of knowledge of law is no excuse, can minors be presumed to have knowledge of the applicable law would be the question required to be asked in such a situation,” the court observed.

“The aspect of consent even by a girl of 16 years and above would have to be considered if there is indeed an offence under the IPC and/or the POCSO Act. Normally when evidence is lead the victim is a major and the testimony given then of an act committed while being a minor would have to be given due value,” the Bench observed.

While the complaints in such cases are filed in the heat of the moment on account of parents objection for such relationship or marriage of the boy and the girl, later the family members turn hostile, probably realising the desire of the girl and the boy, the Court pointed out.

“The effect of criminal prosecution of a minor girl and/or boy, and/or by who has attained majority recently, causes severe harm and injury to all in their families... There is also a possibility of misunderstanding occurring between the boy and the girl that could impact their relationship,” the court observed.

“We are of the considered opinion that the Law Commission of India would have to rethink the age criteria, so as to take into consideration the ground realities,” the Bench observed.

Top News Today

Sign in to unlock member-only benefits!
  • Access 10 free stories every month
  • Save stories to read later
  • Access to comment on every story
  • Sign-up/manage your newsletter subscriptions with a single click
  • Get notified by email for early access to discounts & offers on our products
Sign in


Comments have to be in English, and in full sentences. They cannot be abusive or personal. Please abide by our community guidelines for posting your comments.

We have migrated to a new commenting platform. If you are already a registered user of The Hindu and logged in, you may continue to engage with our articles. If you do not have an account please register and login to post comments. Users can access their older comments by logging into their accounts on Vuukle.