Contraceptive use higher in rural areas of Karnataka: NFHS-4

In Karnataka, contraceptive use is higher in rural areas (55%) than in urban areas (48%) and it varies by the level of schooling, according to National Family Health Survey (NFHS)-4.

The survey also found that two-thirds (65%) of married women with no schooling use female sterilisation compared to one-third of women with 12 or more years of schooling.

Women in Karnataka are more likely to use contraception if they already have a son. For example, among women with two children, 69% with at least one son use a method of family planning, compared with 52% of women with two daughters and no sons, says the survey.

This issue, which was discussed in detail at a media round table on family planning, organised by the Global Health Strategies (GHS) in the city on Friday, brought gynaecologists, government health officials, and contraceptive users from the community on a common platform.

Making a presentation on the ‘Status of Family Planning in Karnataka: The need to accelerate access to informed and expanded contraceptive choices’, Hema Divakar, former president of The Federation of Obstetric and Gynaecological Societies of India (FOGSI), said family planning is not just about smaller families.

“It is an essential element of quality healthcare to improve maternal, newborn, and child health. Providing women with access to contraceptives, information, and services is one of the most effective interventions in saving mothers and babies,” Dr. Divakar said.

Quoting the NFHS-4, she said the contraceptive prevalence rate (CPR) among married women in the age group of 15 to 49 is 52%, lower than its level (64%) in NFHS-3. Modern method use, at 51%, also declined from its level (63%) in NFHS-3. Notably, the share of female sterilisation in contraceptive method use has increased from 90% to 94% in Karnataka between NFHS-3 and NFHS-4.

Unmet need for family planning is defined as the percentage of currently married women who either want to space their next birth or stop childbearing entirely, but are not using contraception. According to this definition, 10.4% of married women in Karnataka have an unmet need for family planning and this has remained the same since NFHS-3. Currently, 83% of the demand for family planning is being satisfied and 82% of the demand is being satisfied by modern methods, she pointed out.

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Printable version | Aug 1, 2021 12:16:51 PM | https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/karnataka/contraceptive-use-higher-in-rural-areas-of-karnataka-nfhs-4/article24294783.ece

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