Women's representation in State Assemblies registered an across-the-board increase in the last 18 years (2001-18) in comparison to the previous 18 years (1983-2000).
Today, Haryana has the highest proportion of women MLAs, 15% of the total Assembly strength. Nagaland continues to have zero representation. In Goa, the share of women MLAs reduced substantially from the previous period.
The plot below compares the representation of women between two periods (1983-2000 and 2001-2018). Uttarakhand, Chhattisgarh, Jharkand and Telangana are excluded from thisanalysis as these are the newest States which held Assembly elections only after 2000.
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A Relatively low representation before and after 2000
B Relatively low representation before 2000, but higher since then
C Relatively high representation before and after 2000
D Relatively high representation before 2000, but lower since then
From 1996-2001, women's representation in the Kerala Assembly peaked at 9.3%, but after the 2001 election, this dropped to 5.7%. The representation has remained below 6% since then.
Among Northeastern States, only Assam and Sikkim registered above average representation in 2001-2018. Other States in the region continued to lag behind the national average.
The below plot shows the number of women MLAs after the five-State Assembly elections in November-December 2018. You can also select your State and view the percentage of women MLAs over time.
Among States which went to polls in November-December 2018, Chhattisgarh is the only State which registered an increase in representation of women in the Assembly.
(Source for State-wise data compiled by Pratap Vardhan, Gramener)