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Coronavirus | Bracing for a rapid surge in cases, says government

A municipal worker sprays disinfectant on his colleague after they cremated the body of a man who died due to COVID-19 at a crematorium in Ahmedabad on April 12, 2020.   | Photo Credit: REUTERS

With the nationwide death toll from COVID-19 touching 273 and the number of positive cases reaching 8,447 on Sunday, the Union Health Ministry said India is preparing for a possible exponential surge in cases.

“We would rather be over-cautious and over-prepared,” a Ministry official said while admitting that the recent resurgence in COVID-19 cases in some countries was a matter of concern.

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According to data released by the Ministry, the country registered as many as 909 new cases and 34 deaths since Saturday evening. The fatalities included 17 from Maharashtra, five from Delhi and three each from Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh. As many as 716 persons have been cured/discharged after treatment.

Amid demands for ramping up health surveillance, the Centre said it is expanding the COVID-19 testing capacity in State-run as well as private medical colleges.

The Centre’s proposals came even as a Punjab police officer’s hand was chopped off in a brutal attack on a team enforcing lockdown restrictions amid reports that plans were under way to ease some curbs during the likely extension of the lockdown.

Interactive map of confirmed coronavirus cases in India | State-wise tracker for coronavirus cases, deaths and testing rates

According to reports from the State Health Departments, the total number of cases stood at 9,205, with 7,880 active ones. The death toll was was 332.

Maharahstra recorded 149 deaths, with 1,625 active cases, while Tamil Nadu recorded 1,014 active cases, with 11 deaths. Delhi had 1,104 active cases as the toll in the national capital climbed to 24.

Kerala, however, saw 36 more patients cured of the disease, adding only two positive cases. A total of 179 persons have been discharged in the State, with only two deaths reported so far.

Coronavirus | Bracing for a rapid surge in cases, says government
 

Of the total 273 deaths, Maharashtra tops the tally with 127 fatalities, followed by Madhya Pradesh at 36, Gujarat at 22 and Delhi at 19. Punjab registered 11 deaths, Telengana nine fatalities and Tamil Nadu 10.

More testing facilities

Addressing the daily press briefing, Joint Secretary in the Health Ministry Lav Agarwal said that with the average rate of over 4% growth in cases recently, the government is expanding testing capacity in State-run as well as private medical institutions.

“The government is extra prepared if the number of cases rises exponentially,” the official said.

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“Fourteen mentor institutes, including the AIIMS and NIMHANS, have been identified to mentor the medical colleges and expand testing capacity,” he added.

An Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) official said more than 1,86,906 samples had been tested across the country. “In the past five days, on an average, 15,747 samples were tested per day,” the official added.

He said that while 40-plus COVID-19 vaccines were under consideration across the world, none had moved to the testing phase.

On the resurgence of cases in countries such as China, Mr. Agarwal said, “This is a new virus and there is much that we are still learning about it. We have taken this new development into account and are taking serious note of it.”

Boost to primary care

“We are now focussing on increasing the capacity of primary medical infrastructure which includes dedicated hospitals, isolation beds, ICU beds, and quarantine facilities, he said.

“Currently the requirement of beds for 8,356 cases is estimated to be 1,671 (20% of confirmed cases with moderate and severe/critical clinical symptoms), the present availability of beds is 1,05,980 in 601 dedicated COVID-19 hospitals across the country. The number of isolation beds in dedicated hospitals across the country is being further augmented,” he added.

He added that dedicated hospitals for management of COVID-19 patients have increasingly been set up across the country with various private sector hospitals, Public Sector Units, Military hospitals, Indian Railways also contributing. “ The Ordnance Factory Board has manufactured specialized tents to augment medical infrastructure in remote areas,” he added.

Online training modules and webinars for ventilator management, clinical management, infection prevention control, bio-medical waste management, and epidemiology have been organized by these institutions and to prepare the frontline medical workers, mock drills too have been organized, the Ministry noted.

Government spokesperson K.S. Dhatwalia said that the Group of Ministers has approved the release of hydroxychloroquine to 13 countries after an assessment of stocks.

Speaking at the press conference MHA joint secretary P.S. Srivastava said the government is trying to provide door-to-door essential goods in the hotspots in coordination with the civil society. “There is no bar on inter-state or intra-state transportation of goods. Godowns also can store the goods, as they are also exempted. Staff of manufacturing units of essential goods have been given passes for smooth work. Because of the increased web traffic, the Home Ministry’s twitter handle – CyberDost – is now providing information on potential cyber crimes to people.”

It was also announced at the conference that the Finance Ministry has extended the deadline by three months, till June, on minimum mandatory deposits in PPF and Sukanya accounts.

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Printable version | Jan 16, 2021 1:33:00 AM | https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/coronavirus-india-braces-for-a-rapid-surge-in-cases/article31325392.ece

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