Ahead of climate talks, India in touch with 40 nations

To forge ties and make the developed nations keep the promises

October 15, 2018 10:17 pm | Updated October 16, 2018 01:01 pm IST - NEW DELHI

C.K. Mishra

C.K. Mishra

Ahead of the December climate talks in Katowice, Poland, India is having discussions with 40 countries, including China, to forge alliances and compel the developed countries to make good on promises, made over the years, to provide enough finance and technology to stem runaway global warming.

Over the years, the developed countries have promised to provide $100 billion annually to the developing countries to check such warming.

“We are having talks with nearly 40 countries in various capacities,” C.K. Mishra, Secretary, Environment, Forests and Climate Change Ministry, told The Hindu on the sidelines of a conference. “Mainly, it is about firming up about how the Paris agreement is to be implemented, as well as outstanding commitments on providing finance and technology.” Over the years, India has been part of several such alliances.

The ‘Like Minded Developing Countries’ (India, China, Venezuela and Iran) and BASIC (Brazil, South Africa, India, China) are networks that are formed to lend weight to the concerns of the developing countries.

“There are constant fora where we interact…video calls, meetings. However not all COPs [Conference of Parties] would result in big bang announcements…some are about compelling countries to make good on outstanding commitments,” said a government official familiar with climate change negotiations.

The COP is a group of 200 countries which meet annually on addressing global warming.

In 2015, the COP made a historic decision in Paris to take steps to ensure that the Earth didn’t warm 2C over the pre-industrial era. The agreement is set to come into force from 2020. While the United States has since pulled out from the accord, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change this month released a report that compiled scientific evidence to show that the planet — as of today — was on course to reaching the 1.5C mark by 2030-2052 and to halt it would require global, carbon dioxide emissions to be half of 2017 levels by 2030. Experts are unanimous that this is a Herculean task.

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