A Constitution Bench led by Chief Justice of India Ranjan Gogoi will on November 9 deliver its judgment in the cross-appeals filed by the Hindu and Muslim sides challenging the three-way partition of the disputed 2.77 acres of Ramjanmabhoomi-Babri Masjid land among Ram Lalla, Nirmohi Akhara and the Sunni Waqf Board in September 2010.
Here is a chronology of the Ayodhya dispute:
First Mughal Emperor Babar is believed to have constructed Babri Masjid
Mahant Raghbir Das moves Faizabad court seeking permission to construct a temple in the vicinity of the Babri Masjid. The plea is declined.
December 22-23, 1949:
Idols of Lord Ram is mysteriously found inside the mosque
Gopal Visharad and Ramachandra Das moves Faizabad court for permission to worship the idols
Nirmohi Akhara files plea seeking possession of the disputed land.
Central Sunni Waqf Board, U.P., moves court for declaration of title of the disputed land and removal of the idols inside the mosque.
Faizabad court allows Hindus to worship the idols.
Allahabad High Court takes over the title dispute. Orders status quo.
The Rajiv Gandhi government allows Vishwa Hindu Parishad (VHP) to perform puja near the disputed site.
BJP leader L.K. Advani begins rath yatra
Kar sevaks demolish Babri Masjid. Justice Liberhan Commission appointed to probe.
P.V. Narasimha Rao government acquires 67 acres of land adjoining the disputed site. The Supreme Court upholds the acquisition in its Dr. Ismail Faruqui judgment.
Allahabad High Court commences hearing the title suits.
SC bans religious activity in the acquired lands in Mohd. Aslam @Bhurre case.
Liberhan Committee submits inquiry report.
September 30, 2010:
High Court delivers a majority judgment for three-way partition of the disputed property among Hindus, Muslims and Nirmohi Akhara.
SC stays the high court judgment on cross-appeals filed by the parties.
A three-judge Bench of the Supreme Court led by Justice Dipak Misra begins hearing the appeals. The main title issue is side-tracked. Muslim parties seek a reference of a contentious observation made in the Faruqui judgment that worshipping in mosques are not integral to Islam to a Constitution Bench. A majority judgment is pronounced declining the prayer.
A Constitution Bench of five judges led by Chief Justice of India Ranjan Gogoi resumes hearing the title appeals but suggests mediation first.
August 6, 2019:
Mediation committee led by former Supreme Court judge, Justice F.M.I. Kalifulla fails to draw a consensus and court hearing commences.
October 16, 2019:
After 40 days of hearings, the Constitution Bench reserves judgment
November 9, 2019:
Constitution Bench clears the way for constructing Ram Temple at the disputed site. It orders the government to provide five-acre land to Muslims at a prominent place in Ayodhya.