U.S. Pacific Command renamed U.S. Indo-Pacific Command

In this April 26, 2018, file photo, Defense Secretary Jim Mattis listens to a question during a hearing on Capitol Hill in Washington. Mattis says the U.S. will continue to confront China’s militarization of manmade islands in the South China Sea, arguing that Beijing hasnot abided by its promise not to put weapons on the Spratly Islands.   | Photo Credit: AP

The United States on Wednesday renamed its strategically important Pacific Command (PACOM) the U.S. Indo-Pacific Command, in a move widely seen as a public expression of Washington’s keenness to count India as a key partner in its strategic planning.

The Donald Trump administration has been using the term Indo-Pacific instead of Asia-Pacific in official documents already.

Secretary of Defence James Mattis made the announcement at the change of command ceremony in Hawaii where Admiral Philip S. Davidson took charge of the command from Admiral Harry B. Harris Jr.

Admiral Harris, a strong proponent of enhancing ties with India, commanded PACOM for three years. Mr. Trump has nominated him as Ambassador to South Korea.

Primary combatant command

“For U.S. Pacific Command, it is our primary combatant command, it's standing watch and intimately engaged with over half of the earth's surface and its diverse populations, from Hollywood to Bollywood, from polar bears to penguins as Admiral Harris puts it,” Mr. Mattis said.

The U.S. Indo-Pacific Command is critical for “a region open to investment and free, fair and reciprocal trade, not bound by any nation’s predatory economics or threat of coercion, for the Indo-Pacific has many belts and many roads,” Mr. Mattis said, alluding to China’s “One Belt, One Road” policy for the region, and echoing Indian concerns about it.

India is currently caught in the crossfire of anti-Russian sanctions mandated by the U.S Congress and Mr. Mattis has called for waiver for India though it has significant defence cooperation with Russia. The first two-plus-two ministerial dialogue between India and the U.S is scheduled for July first week.

“America continues to invest vigorously in Indo-Pacific stability, bolstering the free and open rules-based international order that has enabled this region to grow and to thrive for over 70 years. While we are prepared to face any who would seek to challenge America's resolve, our National Defense Strategy is not a strategy of confrontation,” Mr. Mattis said.

Increasing connectedness between two oceans

Tanvi Madan, Fellow and Director of India Project, Brookings Institution in Washington D.C., said, “The renaming reflects the existing geographic coverage of the command and the acknowledgment of the increasing connectedness between the two oceans —what happens in the Pacific, doesn't stay in the Pacific —, but also, more broadly, the process of India's re-entry into the US government's "Asia" orbit.”

Joshua T White, Associate Professor at the Johns Hopkins University School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS) in Washington, said: “Renaming the combatant command is strategically significant, in that it reflects a recognition within the U.S. government that East Asia and the Indian Ocean Region are gradually becoming a single competitive space. It's also shrewd marketing — a way of reaffirming to New Delhi and to the rest of the world that India is, and ought to be, an indispensable pole of the future Asian order.”

However, the effectiveness of an Indo-Pacific defence and security strategy and U.S.-India cooperation would still depend on the level of discussion and coordination across combatant commands and bureaus, Ms. Madan said.

“Such a step can have organizational implications, and affect the policy debate outside government as well. However, it's worth keeping in mind that, in other parts of the government [e.g. State, NSC], these regions are still categorized separately. Moreover, the U.S. and India have different ideas of what constitutes the Indo-Pacific — India includes the whole Indian Ocean region, which US CENTCOM and AFRICOM cover as well,” she said.

Representatives from Australia, the United Kingdom, Japan, India, New Zealand, Canada, the Philippines, Thailand, Indonesia, Vietnam, Brunei, and Nepal attended the change of command ceremony in Pearl Harbor.

Admiral Davidson said China and Russia must remain the priority in U.S planning. Threats also emerged from North Korea, violent extremism, and Iran. “China continues to improve both the size and the capability of its armed forces in hopes to supplant the U.S. as the security partner of choice, not just in the Indo-Pacific region, but across the globe and on its own terms,” he pointed out.

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Printable version | May 17, 2021 12:35:23 PM |

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