Seeking that foreign journalists and Congressmen be allowed free access to Kashmir, six American lawmakers have written to Indian Ambassador to the U.S. Harsh Vardhan Shringla claiming that the picture portrayed by India in the Valley is different from the one being told to them by their constituents.
The lawmakers’ letter to Mr. Shringla comes as the U.S. on Thursday sought from India a “roadmap” to political and economic normalcy in Kashmir and immediate release of all political detainees.
Noting that journalists have extensively covered developments in Kashmir, acting Assistant Secretary of State for South and Central Asia Alice G. Wells had said the role of some international reporters had been particularly important, but that journalists continued to face challenges of access while reporting due to the security restrictions.
“We believe true transparency can only be achieved when journalists and Members of Congress are allowed free access to the region. We encourage India to open Jammu and Kashmir to both domestic and foreign journalists, and other international visitors, in the interest of open media and increased communication,” the Congressmen said in the letter.
Lawmakers David N Cicilline, Dina Titus, Chrissy Houlahan, Andy Levin, James P McGovern and Susan Wild, in their letter dated October 24, said their questions were a follow-up to the briefing given to them by Mr. Shringla on October 16 about the situation in Kashmir.
“As was discussed during the meeting, many of our constituents have painted a much different picture of the situation than what you shared with us. They have raised concerns about the repeal of Article 370 of the Indian Constitution, as well as suspended internet and telecommunications access, arrests of local politicians and activists, and the imposition of a curfew,” the Congressmen said.
On August 5, India withdrew Jammu and Kashmir’s special status and bifurcated it into two Union Territories. Following this decision, several security restrictions were imposed in Kashmir as well as in Jammu.
India has defended its decision to abrogate provisions of Article 370 that accorded special status to Jammu and Kashmir and the subsequent restrictions in the State. Authorities have said that the ban on communication services in the Valley has helped save lives. The have also denied that there is any shortage of medicines and essential supplies in the region.
The communication restrictions have involved snapping of Internet services as well mobile and landline telephone services in the Valley. While the landline services were the first to be gradually restored, the postpaid mobile services were restored only last week. The prepaid services continued to remain barred.
In the letter written two days after a Congressional hearing on the human rights situation in South Asia, with focus on Kashmir, the Congressmen asked a set of six specific questions to Mr. Shringla.
During the briefing, the Ambassador had said that he is available to answer any of their questions on Kashmir.
“Has 100% of landline service been restored inside Jammu and Kashmir, or are there any remaining outages? When will all mobile phone service be restored, including for those who use prepaid mobile phones? When will full internet access be restored (not just access at kiosks)?” they asked.
The letter also asked about the number of people detained under the Public Safety Act or other legal provisions since August 5 and asked Mr. Shringla to be as specific as possible.
“Of those, how many are minors? What is the standard judicial procedure for someone detained under the Public Safety Act?” they asked.
“What is the status of the curfews that have been imposed in Jammu and Kashmir? What are the government’s plans to allow residents to return to uninhibited movement? When can we expect that?” the Congressmen asked Mr. Shringla.
They also asked the Indian envoy to lay out the reasons that foreign journalists are still not allowed inside Jammu and Kashmir.
“When will they be allowed to enter the region? Will the Indian Government welcome visiting members of the United States Congress or other foreign officials who wish to visit Jammu and Kashmir?” the lawmakers asked.