Pakistan has quietly banned Tehreek-e-Azaadi Jammu and Kashmir , a new front for Hafiz Saeed’s Jamaat-ud-Dawa (JuD), as international pressure on the country grew, including from a global watchdog, to combat terror and its funding.
TAJK gained prominence as a JuD front when it held pro-Kashmir freedom rallies and displayed banners and streamers across Pakistan on “Kashmir Day” on February 5, days after Saeed was put under “house arrest” for 90 days in Lahore.
The mastermind of the 2008 Mumbai attack in which 166 people died had indicated about a week before his house arrest that he might launch TAJK to “expedite the freedom of Kashmir.”
Saeed got wind of plans?
The re-branding of JuD as TAJK showed that Saeed had got a wind of the government plans and had worked out how to resurface and survive after the clampdown on his ostensible network of JuD and its affiliate Falah-e-Insaniat Foundation (FIF).
The JuD front was put on the list of “proscribed organisations” on June 8 — a fortnight before the meeting of Financial Action Task Force (FATF) in Spain, according to a list available on the website of Pakistan’s National Counter Terrorism Authority.
JuD has called a meeting on Monday to discuss the ban on its affiliate, The Nation reported.
There are 64 other outfits in the proscribed organisation category, including Jaish-e-Mohammad, al-Qaeda, Tehreek-e-Taliban, and JuD’s armed wing Lashkar-e-Taiba responsible for 26/11 and several other terror attacks in India.
According to a report in Dawn newspaper on Saturday, Pakistan continues to remain on the radar of the FATF over concerns that it is not fully complying with curbs against entities listed with the United Nations.
India raised the issue
India had raised the terror financing issue at the FATF in February this year.
The FATF last week referred Pakistan to its regional affiliate — the Asia/Pacific Group on Money Laundering — for further analysis and a follow-up report on actions the country has taken against entities designated under UN sanctions list.
Pakistan government has been under mounting international pressure to crackdown on terrorist networks and their fronts.
However, according to the report, Pakistani officials expect that Pakistan would be cleared of the concerns.
The UN placed both JuD and FIF on its watch list in December 2008 and March 2012, respectively.
A day before SCO summit
The ban on TAJK on June 8 happened a day before the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation summit in Kazakh capital Astana. India had pushed the SCO members at the summit to curb the financing of terrorist organisations and their fronts.
The Astana Declaration of the Heads of State of the SCO said that the “member-states will continue to cooperate in order to counteract the activities of individuals and legal entities related to the recruitment, training and utilisation of terrorists, public calls for terrorist activities or the justification of acts of terrorism, and financing terrorist activities.”
Last week, the US declared Pakistan-based Hizb-ul-Mujahideen chief Syed Salahuddin a global terrorist. The announcement had come hours before Prime Minister Narendra Modi and US President Donald Trump had their first bilateral meeting.