China's official media, in first comments since Beijing’s objection to India joining the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG) on Tuesday said New Delhi’s membership of the nuclear grouping will not only touch a “raw nerve” in Pakistan and increase a nuclear arms race but also “jeopardise” China’s national interests.
An op-ed commentary in state-run Global Times, titled “India mustn’t let nuclear ambitions blind itself”, said New Delhi’s NSG membership will set off a nuclear confrontation in the region.
The commentary said:
“India and Pakistan, both nuclear powers in the region, keep alert to each other’s nuclear capabilities. India’s application for NSG membership and its potential consequences will inevitably touch a raw nerve in Pakistan, its traditional rival in the region.
“As Pakistan is not willing to see an enlarging gap in nuclear power with India, a nuclear race is a likely outcome. This will not only paralyse regional security, but also jeopardise China’s national interests.
“Last week, Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi embarked on a diplomatic journey, travelling halfway across the world with his top goal to garner support for his country’s entry into the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG)” ahead of the plenary meeting of the group expected to be held in Seoul on June 24.
“The U.S. and some NSG members have given a push to India’s membership bid, but the reported opposition from most countries, especially China, seems to have irritated India.”
Reports from Vienna, where the NSG is based, said that while a majority of the 48-member group backed India’s membership, China, along with New Zealand, Ireland, Turkey, South Africa and Austria, were opposed to India’s admission.
The NSG looks after critical issues relating to nuclear sector and its members are allowed to trade in and export nuclear technology. The group works under the principle of unanimity and even one country’s vote against India will scuttle its bid.
“Beijing insists that a prerequisite of New Delhi’s entry is that it must be a signatory to the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) while India is not. Despite acknowledging this legal and systematic requirement, the Indian media called China’s stance “obstructionist“,” the commentary said.
India has its own calculations for joining the NSG.
Eyeing retaining the fastest growing economy tag, India’s access to the NSG, a body that regulates the global trade of nuclear technology, is expected to open up the international market for India’s domestic nuclear energy programme.
The commentary said:
“Meanwhile, with the support of the U.S., India can advance its development in this regard. The deliberations of the U.S. are also clear. With India’s NSG membership, the U.S., the world’s largest producer of nuclear power, can sell its nuclear technology to India. A U.S. company is set to build six nuclear reactors in India, an agreement made between the two countries during Modi’s recent visit to the U.S.
"Beyond cooperation in the nuclear sector, the U.S. views India as a “balancing actor in its pivot to the Asia-Pacific strategy”. Its supply of nuclear technologies to enhance India’s deterrence capability is to put China in check.
“What is missing in US and Indian motives are concerns for regional security. So far, South Asia is still facing the harsh reality that the region is mired in nuclear confrontation.
“China insists on peaceful development. A peaceful regional and global environment is in the interests of all stakeholders. China’s concern about India’s inclusion into the NSG comes out of the security dynamic in South Asia.
“Only when New Delhi and Islamabad take another step forward in their nonproliferation commitments can the region avoid being dragged into a nuclear confrontation.”
On Sunday, China said members of the elite club “remain divided” on the issue of non-NPT countries joining it and insisted that there “was no deliberation” on the bid by India and other nations at the Vienna meeting.