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2020 US presidential election generated highest voter turnout rate in 120 years

lPoll workers sort out early and absentee ballots in Kenosha, Wisconsin. File   | Photo Credit: AP

The 2020 US presidential election has recorded the highest voter turnout in 120 years, a prominent electoral expert has said.

According to preliminary estimates of the US Election project, a nonpartisan site that tracks voting, an estimated 239 million people were eligible to vote this year, of which nearly 160 million exercised their right to franchise. The figure is likely to be updated in the coming weeks.

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The November 3 election saw a record voter turnout of 66.9%, which is the highest turnout rate since 1900. The 1900 election had recorded 73.7% voter turnout, it said.

“The 2020 presidential election had the highest turnout rate in 120 years. There is still a fair amount of guesswork involving outstanding ballots to be counted, said Michael P McDonald, Associate Professor of Political Science at University of Florida, who leads the U.S. Election Project.

In 2016, US had registered 56% voter turnout, while it was 58% in 2008.

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Minnesota and Maine, as per the US Election Project, this year had the highest turnout of 79.2% each, followed by Iowa at 78.6%.

Maine and Iowa was won by President Donald Trump and Minnesota by his Democratic rival Joe Biden.

Other States which polled more than 70% voter turnout were Colorado (77.1%), Connecticut (71.1%), Delaware (70.8%), Florida (72.9%), Maryland (72.2%), Massachusetts (73.4%), Michigan (73.5%) and Montana (72.3%).

Arkansas recorded the lowest turnout of 56.1%, as per the preliminary estimates.

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The Time magazine said the above-average voter turnout rate in 2020 is noteworthy as the U.S. usually has some of the worst turnout rates in the world.

In a Pew Research ranking of voter turnout in the most recent nationwide elections, the U.S. is placed at 30th position out of 35 nations.

The highest voter turnout since 120 was reflected in a high vote support to both Mr. Biden and Mr. Trump. As of Thursday afternoon, Mr. Biden had received over 72 million votes, which is eight million more than Hillary Clinton got in 2016.

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Mr. Trump has so far bagged over 68.5 million votes, which is the highest Republican turnout.

According to Pew, as of 2019, non-Hispanic White Americans at 69% make up the largest share of registered voters in the US. Hispanic and Black registered voters each account for 11%, while those from other racial or ethnic backgrounds account for the remaining 8%.

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Printable version | Mar 9, 2021 2:22:59 PM | https://www.thehindu.com/news/international/2020-us-presidential-election-generated-highest-voter-turnout-rate-in-120-years/article33036839.ece

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