Water table sinks by a metre as monsoon lets Kozhikode down

With the north-east monsoon recording 82% deficit in Kozhikode district, the groundwater table has depleted by over one metre in many places. The rainfall recorded in Kozhikode was the lowest among the 14 districts in the State.

A study of 33 open wells spread across the district by the Groundwater Department found that Nallalam, Cheruvannur, and Perumanna in Kozhikode taluk and Palayad in Vadakara taluk were the worst-hit.

The groundwater level in Palayad has fallen by 1.29 metre in a year.

Places where the groundwater level has depleted by over 0.5 metre are Elathur, Kakur, and Thiruvambadi in Kozhikode taluk; Chakkittapara, Chemancherry and Koyilandy in Koyilandy taluk; and Nadapuram in Vadakara taluk. However, there was no marked change in the situation in Kunnamangalam.

“Groundwater recharge normally happens during the north-east monsoon. This year, however, we had a deficient monsoon and recharge has not happened much,” K.M. Abdul Ashraf, district officer, Groundwater Department, told The Hindu.

As per the data collected by the Indian Meteorological Department, against the normal rainfall of 422.2 mm, the actual rainfall was only 74.5 mm.

Meeting today

“As per a report by the groundwater estimation committee, Balussery and Kunnamangalam have been termed semi-critical blocks in terms of the groundwater situation. A meeting will be held at Balussery on Tuesday to discuss the situation and create awareness about the need to conserve water.”

Mitigation efforts

Mr. Ashraf said the department had initiated steps to repair damaged hand pumps and defunct borewells across the district in a bid to ease the situation and the work was expected to be completed by the month-end.

“There is a scheme under the Haritha Keralam Mission to recharge groundwater. Labourers under the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act will be roped in for various works.

“One grama panchayat in each Assembly constituency will be covered in the first phase and it will be expanded across the State later,” Mr. Ashraf said.

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Printable version | Jan 21, 2022 11:11:41 PM | https://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/kozhikode/Water-table-sinks-by-a-metre-as-monsoon-lets-Kozhikode-down/article17300543.ece

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