If not engineering, what else?

B.S. Warrier   | Photo Credit: K_K_Mustafah

Owing to the staggering growth of engineering degree seats in recent times, this discipline has to some extent lost its charm and utility. People were shocked to read in December 2015 that 23 lakh candidates, including 2.2 lakh engineering graduates, applied for 368 posts of peons in Uttar Pradesh. Recruiters complain that only 20% of B.Tech holders are employable. This is because of poor infrastructure and abysmal quality of faculty in colleges and low academic competence of students. Only 10% or even less graduates get the opportunity in core engineering jobs. Here are a few other career options after higher secondary education.

Finance sector

There are traditional as well as emerging opportunities in the areas of finance and commerce. Three professions with statutory powers have immense scope – Company Secretary, Chartered Accountant and Cost Accountant. Those with any optional subjects in 12th Standard can take up these programmes. The overall pattern for the three disciplines is common. There are three levels – foundation, intermediate, and final (some known by new names). There are no regular colleges or schools handling these programmes. However, branches or chapters of the respective institutes conduct classes at certain levels. This would entail a good lot of self-study using the study materials given by the institutes.

Company Secretaries are high profile professionals in the corporate sector. Their functions include planning, administration, and ensuring compliance with the Companies Act. Any company with a paid-up share capital of at least ₹5 crore should have a whole-time Company Secretary. Details can be had from:

Chartered Accountants enjoy a dream career in accounting, auditing, corporate finance, corporate laws and taxation. As a part of the training, an aspiring Chartered Accountant would have to work as an articled clerk for three years. Details can be had from

Cost Accountants are important professionals in the top echelons of corporate organisations. Their responsibilities include costing of products and services, keeping accounts in manufacturing industries, critical analysis of financial performance of organisations, budgeting, and strategies for cost reduction. Details can be had from

Veterinary Science

Livestock and dairying form a significant segment of the country’s rural economy. The country needs a large number of hands qualified in veterinary science and animal husbandry to keep animals and birds including pets, poultry, and fishes healthy. Opportunities for jobs are very bright. A postgraduate or superspeciality qualification is not essential for building a fairly good practice. Admission to PG programmes is relatively easy. M.V.Sc. can be undertaken in disciplines such as animal genetics/anatomy/husbandry/economics/reproduction, dairy engineering, pathology, parasitology, nutrition, physiology, and fodder technology. Research and teaching are other options.

There are job opportunities in government departments, extension centres, animal farms, cattle breeding units, defence service, pharmaceutical companies, dairy plants, poultry farms, zoos, sanctuaries, wildlife protection organisations, meat inspection, general insurance, horse racing clubs, and research establishments. There are good prospects for private practice as well. Admission to Colleges of Veterinary and Animal Sciences at Mannuthy (Thrissur) and Pookot (Wayanad ) is based on NEET ranks. There is also an all India quota of 15% seats in veterinary colleges at the national level.


Journalism has assumed great importance these days. The proliferation of TV news channels has opened a floodgate of opportunities for those with the essential attributes. Those who are qualified in mass communication and journalism can work in newspapers, magazines, radio and television, news agencies, public sector units, video magazines, private news service channels, and Central Ministry of Information & Broadcasting (Akashvani, Doordarshan, Press Information Bureau, Field Publicity).

Some of the centres of learning are: Indian Institute of Mass Communication, New Delhi and Kottayam, MCJ programmes in Kerala / MG (Kottayam )/ Calicut / Kannur Universities, Asian College of Journalism, Chennai, MASCOM, Kottayam, MICA (Mudra Institute of Communication, Ahmedabad), Kerala Media Academy, Kochi, SCMS School of Masscom Studies, Kochi, and Press Clubs at Thiruvananthapuram, Kottayam and Kozhikode.


Research in science, which ensures great changes in society, has emerged as a fine career option.

Those who are endowed with a spirit of enquiry and a desire to break new ground can think about 5-year integrated MS / M.Sc. programmes. Four-year BS programmes after the 12th class offers opportunities for direct admission to PhD work. Five-year integrated MS/M.Sc. at IISER, Thiruvananthapuram, Berhampur, Bhopal, Kolkata, Mohali, Pune and Tirupati/MISER, several IITs/Bhubaneswar, UM-DAE CBS: University of Mumbai, four-year BS programmes at Indian Institution of Science, Bengaluru. Details can be had from in. Those who do not get an opportunity to do these programmes can do go for a regular BSc. after which they can continue with integrated M.Sc.-PhD programmes. See ‘Joint Entrance Screening Test’ examination for admission to several institutions including IISERs/Indian Institute of Science, Bengaluru. Details can be had from

There are other avenues such as Five-year Integrated Program in Management at IIM Indore, Design programmes at National Institute of Design (NID) Ahmedabad, Bachelor of Design at IITs (, Merchant Navy, Hotel Management and Gaming.

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Printable version | Apr 17, 2021 1:38:05 AM |

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