"The following Act of Parliament received the assent of the President on the 18th April, 2022 and is hereby published for general information: The Delhi Municipal Corporation (Amendment) Act, 2022 No. 10 of 2022," said a gazette notification issued by the Centre.
According to the legislation, the unification of the municipal corporations in Delhi will ensure synergised and strategic planning and optimal utilisation of resources.
Replying to debates on the legislation in the Rajya Sabha, Union Home Minister Amit Shah had said the move was necessitated due to the "step-motherly treatment" meted out to the civic bodies by the Aam Aadmi Party (AAP) government in Delhi.
"The way the AAP government in Delhi meted out step-motherly treatment towards the three civic bodies, we had to bring this Bill. You can have animosity towards us, but what animosity do you have towards the people of Delhi? They have voted you to power...," Mr. Shah had said.
"This Bill is in accordance with the Constitution. The Centre has the power to enact laws in the Union Territory of Delhi.... This Bill, from no angle, is an attack on the federal structure," the Union home minister had said, allaying the concerns raised by some Opposition members.
Delhi is only a Union Territory and not a full State, he had said, adding that Parliament has the competence to frame laws for Delhi.
Mr. Shah had also claimed that the Centre has doubled the allocation amount to Delhi and not reduced a single penny due to it being a Union Territory, but the AAP government has not paid the three civic bodies ₹40,561 crore in accordance with the fifth Finance Commission and instead, given only ₹21,000 crore, which is the reason behind the plight of these bodies.
According to the legislation, the total number of seats of councillors and the number of seats reserved for the members of the Scheduled Caste (SC) communities in the corporation, shall, at the time of the establishment of the corporation, be as determined by the Centre and in no case, be more than 250.
Upon the completion of each census after the establishment of the corporation, the number of seats shall be on the basis of the city's population as ascertained at that census and shall be determined by the Centre.
The number of seats to be reserved for the members of the SC communities shall, as nearly as may be, bear the same ratio to the total number of seats as the population of SCs bears to the total population of Delhi.
All properties, movable and immovable, of or belonging to the erstwhile corporations shall vest in the Municipal Corporation of Delhi. All the rights and liabilities of the erstwhile corporations shall be transferred to and be the rights and liabilities of the Municipal Corporation of Delhi.
Any pending proceedings, including disciplinary, arbitration, appeal or other legal proceedings, of whatever nature, by or against the erstwhile corporations shall be continued or enforced by or against the Municipal Corporation of Delhi.
The legislation was introduced in the Lok Sabha weeks before the polls to the three civic bodies of Delhi — South, North and East — were scheduled to be held.
The polls were to be held in April and the Delhi State Election Commission had deferred it at the eleventh hour, citing a communication from the lieutenant governor, which informed that the Centre was contemplating to reunify the three MCDs.
The Municipal Corporation of Delhi was trifurcated in 2011 when late Sheila Dikshit was the Chief Minister of Delhi and the Congress-led UPA was in power at the Centre.