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Planetary Health Diet

By 2050, the earth’s population is projected to reach 9.8 billion ( World Population Prospects: The 2017 Revision published by the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs), with rampant food scarcity and an alarming number of people consuming unhealthy diets.

The findings by a group of scientists, published in The Lancet , reveal how a shift to a planetary health diet will ensure healthy living and also a sustainable planet. In The EAT-Lancet Commission on Food, Planet and Health, 37 experts from 16 countries propose a dietary plan based on a 2500 k/cal daily diet (which means individual diets will result in different values of carbs-proteins-fats). The guidelines address issues arising out of food waste and scarcity, climate change and unhealthy dietary consumption. The scientists recommend that red meat and sugar consumption decrease globally by more than 50%. Diets must include more nuts, fruits, vegetables, and legumes.

The planetary health diet advises a daily dietary pattern that indicates food group intake ranges, taking into account the “flexibility to accommodate various food types, agricultural systems, cultural traditions, and individual dietary preferences — including numerous omnivore, vegetarian, and vegan diets,” said co-lead Commissioner Dr Walter Willett, Harvard University, US.

It suggests 0-60% of food intake be from major carbohydrate sources: wholegrains and starchy veggies (potatoes); 15% from protein, predominantly vegetarian; 20% from fruit and vegetable, with added fats and sugars being kept to the minimal (not more than 18% fat and 4.8% sugar).

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Printable version | May 22, 2022 1:41:12 am | https://www.thehindu.com/life-and-style/planetary-health-diet-for-a-healthy-living-and-also-a-sustainable-planet/article26068331.ece