Here are five tips on tyre maintenance

Properly maintaining your tyres is just as important as maintaining the rest of your car. Improper tyre care can lead to problems ranging from excessive wear to premature failure, and investing in a new set of tyres can be a costly affair. Here are a few things you should do to get the most from your tyres and identify any problems

Updated - August 28, 2019 01:05 pm IST

Published - August 28, 2019 12:53 pm IST

1. Inspection

A proper visual inspection can help prevent tyre failure at an early stage. Do check the tyre surface and sidewall for any irregularities like bulges, cuts and cracks. Remember to check the inner surface too. Cracks due to stones, glass or other debris on the road can get wider over time and result in tyre failure. Check your rims too, as a damaged one can also lead to tyre failure over a period of time and should be replaced as soon as possible. If you notice a nail embedded in your tubeless tyre but the pressure is normal, do not pull it out as this will cause the air to escape. Get it repaired at the earliest.

2. Checking tread wear

Tyres have a tread-wear indicator marked by a small arrow on the outer wall of the tyre. If you follow the arrow on the tread face, you will find the wear indicator on the tyre’s surface. If the outermost layer of the tyre touches the tread wear indicator, it’s time for a replacement. Any tyre with less than 2mm of depth left should be replaced as soon as possible.

3. Check tyre pressure

It’s recommended that you get your tyre pressure checked every two weeks, including that of the spare. This is important as improper inflation can result in uneven wear of the tyre surface. Also, wrongly inflated tyres have a higher chance of bursting when running on highways. Make sure that you get the tyres checked when they are cold. The recommended tyre pressure is usually mentioned on the driver-side door sill and in the owner’s manual.

4. Tyre rotation

Rotating tyres is the best way to have equal wear across all tyres and thus extend their service life. The rotation of tyres depends on the type of vehicle, i.e. front-wheel drive, rear-wheel drive or four-wheel drive. Wheel rotation is recommended every 10,000km.

5. Wheel alignment and balancing

Wheel alignment is the calibration of suspension and tie-rod settings. If your car is pulling to one side or suffering from uneven tyre wear, or there are vibrations in the steering, getting your wheels aligned can fix those issues. Steering vibrations can also be due to an unbalanced tyre. To balance it, the wheel is rotated at a high speed to check if there’s an imbalance. Weights are then added to the rim to balance it out. It is recommended to balance your tyres every 10,000km.

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