Young World

Vanishing flora and fauna

India is a land of varied flora and fauna. It is one of the 12 mega biodiversity hotspots of the world. Two of India's great mountain ranges, the Eastern Himalayas and the Western Ghats, have been designated among the world's 18 biodiversity hotspots. But, in the last few decades, we have seen a steady increase in the extinction rate of flora and fauna all over the world including India. The conservation of biodiversity is of paramount importance to our survival.

We have about 20 species of plants and 410 species of animals, birds and fishes on the verge of extinction. Many factors are responsible for the depletion of flora and fauna — population explosion, hunting, forest fires, expansion of agriculture, extensive use of fossil fuels, destruction of natural habitats, climatic changes, pollution, natural disasters, deforestation and many more.

Among the flora Sariba, Peritha, Llex Khasiana and Malabar Mahagony and among the fauna the Asiatic Lion, Asiatic Black Bear, Bengal Tiger, Great Indian Rhinoceros, Flamingo, Lion-tailed Macaque, Asian Elephant, Ganges River Dolphins (also called ‘Susu') are some of the endangered species.

Although they are on the verge of extinction, there is a chance to revive them. Let the future generations too have a chance to see this beautiful earth.

Annabel is a Std VII student of Rajagiri Christu Jayanthi Public School, Kakkanad


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Printable version | Feb 13, 2022 3:40:57 pm | https://www.thehindu.com/features/kids/Vanishing-flora-and-fauna/article16372604.ece