Issues

Quality of students from IITs coming down?

The doyen of Indian software industry N.R. Narayana Murthy caused quite a flutter in the academic circles by stating that the quality of students coming out of the coveted Indian Institutes of Technology (IIT) is on a steady decline. In a state that prides itself on the number of students it sends in to these elite institutes every year, this comment is indeed significant. But is the quality of students really going down?

Eminent educationalist, IIT guru and MLC Chukka Ramaiah believe that the quality of the students has indeed gone down. The octogenarian, who successfully guided many students into the IITs since 1985, feels that the change in the IIT entrance exams has a major share in the deterioration of the situation. “Before the year 2000 students had to attempt descriptive questions where the method in which they attempted a question was also examined, apart from the answers.

This resulted in IITs enrolling students with better understanding and creative thought process.

But after 2000 the exam pattern was changed and Multiple Choice Questions were introduced where it was important for a student to come up with a correct answer rather than knowing the process of solving the given problem,” he explained. “IITs are not engineering colleges but are educational institutions where a student is expected to gain skills rather than just information. But present day students who go to IITs are only going on the basis of the rote knowledge,” Mr. Ramaiah said. In an age where technologies are changing very frequently, the need for the creativity and the ability to adapt as well as contribute qualitatively towards the developments is crucial, he opined. Mr. Narayana Murthy's statement points out this very aspect where present day students are unable to maintain the quality that their seniors could achieve, he said.

Some students of IITs also feel that there is a general deterioration in the academic atmosphere inside these modern temples. “Many students only dream of getting into an IIT and once they enter any of these institutes they loose interest in the studies,” a student of IIT Chennai opined.

“During their preparation for the IIT entrance exams students get used to a regime where they only have to remember an answer to a particular question. But in IITs a student is expected to understand the process and come up with creative answers. People are pushed to think here and that is where most students lack,” he said. Students are interested in gaining the marks and are not interested in understanding the concepts, this is reflected in the recent trend during the placements, he said. While students clear the written tests during the placement exams, they fail to clear an interview, he said.

But is the situation in IITs that bad? No, there are some very diligent students in these institutes who try and excel in the academics but since not all are in the same boat the general standards are falling down.

“Our professors usually say that earlier an IIT used to have a very vigorous academic atmosphere which used to goad a student to perform well. But as the students are taking easier path by maintaining just an acceptable Cumulative General Point Average (CGPA), the quest and competition to out perform each other and come up with innovative ideas is not there,” he lamented.

So, what could be done in this scenario? Mr. Ramaiah says that students in IITs are expected to create the systems and not just maintain them.

“To inculcate the habit of coming up with out-of-box solutions the practice of holding discussions in a class room should be encouraged. The students, particularly those in the intermediate levels, should be engaged in discussions where they can put questions and explore newer ways of solving a given problem,” he said.

“The present trend of putting a student through a full day of rote work in corporate colleges will only produce a student with lots of information and not a candidate who can solve a variety of problems. A serious preparation for two hours everyday is enough for clearing the IIT entrance exams. The main thrust should be on assisting a student in expanding his understanding. This will equip him with tools to tackle diverse problems in and outside IITs, and excel in their careers,” he felt.

‘Students under tremendous pressure’

Chief Minister N. Kiran Kumar Reddy created a flutter by questioning the preparatory methods adopted by the IIT training institutes in the State.

He argued that the students were put under tremendous pressure by the trainers leading to unnecessary stress among them. Ironically, the comments were made at the foundation stone laying ceremony of IIT Hyderabad, and also came a day after Mr. Narayana Murthy referred to the declining quality of IITians.

The comments received criticism from several quarters as he mentioned MLC, Chukka Ramaiah, who is synonymous with IIT training in the State and helped in realising the dream of thousands of IIT aspirants. It took a regional colour too as Mr. Ramaiah is a strong proponent of Telangana issue.

A hurt Mr. Ramaiah, however, retorted saying that the Chief Minister should understand the difference between discipline and stress.

“Perhaps, he has mistaken discipline for stress”, Mr. Ramaiah said.

“Students never spend more than two hours a day in my institute,” he explained, unlike the corporate colleges where students end up studying for more than 10 hours a day.

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Printable version | Jan 12, 2021 11:32:43 PM | https://www.thehindu.com/features/education/issues/quality-of-students-from-iits-coming-down/article2526047.ece

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