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Higher study options in pharmacy

PREMIER INSTITUTE: M.Pharm. students during their convocation ceremony at the National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research (NIPER) in Hyderabad. File Photo.  

My daughter who is in Class XII has physics, chemistry, mathematics and computer science as her subject combination. I would like to know if she can apply for the B.Pharm. course in Kerala. Is biology a compulsory subject for admission? Kindly give me the details of the institutes that offer this course, the admission procedure and job prospects.

JOHN, EMAIL

The minimum eligibility prescribed for admission to B.Pharm. course is a pass in higher secondary or equivalent examination with at least 50 per cent marks in biology, mathematics, biotechnology or computer science. The student should also score at least 50 per cent marks in physics, chemistry, biology/ mathematics/ biotechnology/ computer science put together.

Students who belong to the socially and economically backward category and whose annual family income does not exceed Rs.4.5 lakh can avail a relaxation of five per cent in the qualifying examination. They need to score only 45 per cent marks in mathematics/ biology/ biotechnology/ computer science and 45 per cent marks for optional subjects put together. Candidates belonging to Scheduled Caste or Scheduled Tribe communities need pass mark in the qualifying examination.

The applicant should have completed 17 years of age. Biology is not a compulsory subject for B.Pharm. admission. Students can choose B.Pharm. degree course or six-year Pharm D. course for higher study. Aspirants should have a scientific bend of mind and have interest in medicine.

Students can choose from two year diploma course (D. Pharm.), four year degree course (B.Pharm.), two year Master's degree course (M.Pharm.), six year integrated doctorate degree programme (Pharm D.), three year Pharm D. course (post Baccalaureate), and Ph.D. courses in pharmacy as part of their higher education options. . Students who have passed their Plus Two are eligible to study D.Pharm., B.Pharm., and Pharm D. courses.

The Pharmacy Council of India is the regulatory body. Candidates should ensure the council's approval of the course before admission. The Bachelor of Pharmacy (B.Pharm. or B. Pharma.) course is a four-year regular undergraduate professional programme offered in several pharmacy colleges.

Students are given comprehensive knowledge on the pharmaceutical industry, production and distribution of drugs, or medicines. Pharmacy is closely related to medical science.

Study facilities

In Kerala, pharmacy education is administered by the Control of Medical Education Department. Admission is restricted to Keralities and non-Keralities whose parents have served the Government of Kerala for a minimum period of two years or for children whose parents are in defence services. Admission to the professional degree courses in pharmacy including B.Pharm. and Pharm D., nursing and other paramedical courses are being done by the Medical Education Directorate.

The selection process is managed by the LBS Centre for Science and Technology, a Government of Kerala undertaking. Rank-list will be prepared on the basis of marks obtained in the qualifying examination.

There will be no entrance test for B.Pharm., Pharm D., B.Sc. nursing, B.Sc. MLT, BPT, B.Sc. optometry courses in Kerala. Both government and management seats are available. Government seats will be available in all the government colleges, government controlled self-financing colleges and private self-financing colleges.

The LBS Centre for Science and Technology provides online application facilities for admission to professional degree courses in pharmacy, nursing, and other paramedical streams.

For admission to Pharm D. course, the minimum eligibility prescribed is a pass in higher secondary or equivalent examination with at least 50 per cent marks in biology or mathematics separately. Candidates should also score at least 50 per cent marks in physics, chemistry and biology/ mathematics put together.

A pass in D. Pharm. with at least 50 per cent marks will also be considered for admission.

Centralised seat allotment will be made through single window system based on ranks and options. It will be published on the web site www.lbskerala.com or www.lbsecentre.org.

Trial allotment will be conducted to given an idea about the chances of students getting seat to a particular course and college based on the options made and the rank. First, second and further allotments will be published on the LBS web site.

In the government sector, College of Pharmaceutical Sciences under the government medical colleges at Thiruvananthapuram, Kottayam, and Kozhikode offer B.Pharm. courses. In the private sector, there are several pharmacy colleges and institutes that offer B.Pharm. courses.

Approval of Pharmacy Council of India (PCI) or State Pharmacy Council and university affiliation should be ensured before admission. The list of PCI approved colleges or institutes can be obtained from the official web site of the PCI.

Managements of some self-financing pharmacy colleges conduct separate admission for management seats in B.Pharm. courses. Web site: www.kssbema.com.

Delhi Institute of Pharmaceutical Science and Research offers B.Pharm., M.Pharm. courses. Web site: www.dipsar.in.

Lateral entry to B.Pharm. course is also available for pharmacy diploma holders with at least 50 per cent marks in government and private self-financing colleges. The selection is based on an entrance test and interview. Web site: www.cee-kerala.org. As per the lateral entry scheme, diploma holders will be admitted to the second year of the B.Parm. course.

Amrita School of Pharmacy, Elamakkara, Kochi, offers B.Pharm. and Pharm D. course for meritorious Plus Two students with physics, chemistry, mathematics/ biology as subjects. The selection is based on a common entrance test and interview. The curriculum of these courses is approved by the All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) and Pharmacy Council of India (PCI).

The Banaras Hindu University will hold a medical entrance test every year for admission to the medical degree courses including B.Pharm. Total seats: 33. The entry qualification is a pass in Plus Two or equivalent examination with 60 per cent marks in physics, chemistry, biology or mathematics taken together for general category. The selection is on the basis of the national level screening entrance test. Web site: www.bhu.ac.in. BHU also offers B.Pharm. degree course in Ayurveda.

Manipal University offers B.Pharm. course. The entry qualification is a pass in Plus Two/ equivalent examination with physics, chemistry and English with mathematics/ biology/ biotechnology or computer science. Six year Pharm D. course is also conducted here. The selection is based on the All India level University online entrance test. Web site: www.manipal.edu. The list is only indicative.

Pharm D. course

There are two categories in Pharm D. course — one for Plus Two students and the other for B.Pharm. degree holders. The duration of Pharm D. course is six years (five years of study and one year of internship or residency). The internship or residency training during sixth year involves posting in specialty units.

The entry qualification is a pass in Plus Two/ equivalent examination with physics and chemistry as compulsory subjects along with mathematics or biology or a pass in D.Pharm. The student should complete the age of 17 years on or before December 31 of the year of admission. Thirty students will be admitted. The course of study for Pharm D. will include theory and practicals. The subjects to be taught will include human anatomy and physiology, pharmaceutics, medicinal biochemistry, pharmaceutical organic chemistry, pharmaceutical inorganic chemistry, remedial mathematics/ biology, pathophysiology, pharmaceutical microbiology, pharmacognosy and phytopharmaceuticals, pharmacology, community pharmacy, pharamacotherapeutics, pharmaceutical analysis, pharmaceutical jurisprudence, medicinal chemistry, pharmaceutical formulations, hospital pharmacy, clinical pharmacy, biostatistics and research methodology, clinical toxicology, clinical research, pharmacoepidemology and pharamacoeconomics. Internship consists of clinical pharmacy practices which includes six months in general medicine department and two months each in three other speciality departments. The course should be approved by the Pharmacy Council of India.

Higher study

Master's degree programme in pharmacy (M.Pharm.) shall be a main stream higher study option for graduates in pharmacy. Specialisations are pharmacology, quality assurance, hospital pharmacy, pharmaceutics, clinical research, pharmaceutical chemistry, pharmaceutical management and herbal drug technology. The AICTE has introduced Graduate Pharmacy Aptitude Test (GPAT) for admission to M.Pharm. course.

Pharmacy graduates who pass the GPAT will be eligible for scholarships/ fellowships for their M.Pharm. education. The National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research (NIPER), SAS Nagar, Mohali offers excellent study facilities for meritorious pharmacy graduates. MS Pharm, M.Tech. (Pharm), MBA pharma are some of the notable programmes of the institutes.

Meritorious pharmacy graduates can also pursue three-year Pharm D. course. This new research oriented course would be of immense help to Indian pharmacists planning to move abroad. In countries like USA, Pharm D. is mandatory for working in pharmacies. The course emphasises clinical practice which will enable the Indian pharmacists to go abroad.

In countries like the USA, students who have passed Plus Two examination can also pursue six years integrated pharm D. programme. In India, Amrita School of Pharmacy under Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences Kochi; National College of Pharmacy, Manassery, Mukkam, Kozhikode; Al Shifa College of Pharmacy; Manipal College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Manipal; MS Ramaiah College of Pharmacy, Bangalore; Department of Pharmacy, Annamalai University; and Sri Ramachandra Institute of Paramedical Sciences, Coimbatore, offers Pharm D. courses.

Job prospects

India is fast becoming a leading player in the global pharmaceutical sector. So plenty of opportunities will be in the offing and good students will be able to find jobs abroad. M.Pharm. and Ph.D. holders are in great demand in different fields of pharmaceutical research and development. Quality control and quality assurance are important areas in the drug and pharmaceutical industry where highly qualified pharmacy professionals are required. Those with M.Pharm. and Ph.D. in pharma analysis, quality assurance are preferred for these jobs.

Pharma marketing offers excellent opportunities for the smart pharmacy graduates and MBA (pharma) degree holders. B.Pharm. holders can work as medical sales representatives. Hospitals provide job opportunities for qualified pharmacy graduates. M.Pharm. and Ph.D. holders can also opt for a teaching career. Jobs such as those of drug inspectors and drug controllers are also options for those who have studied pharmacy.

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Printable version | Nov 24, 2020 7:36:49 AM | https://www.thehindu.com/features/education/higher-study-options-in-pharmacy/article2104371.ece

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