Question and Answers: Journalism

Reading maketh a better journalist: Aspiring journalists should find time for extensive reading.  

I am studying in the 12th standard in the humanities stream with subjects such as journalism, sociology, communicative English, and computer application. I would like to do a degree course in journalism. Kindly let me know about the higher study opportunities and the best colleges or institutions that offer journalism courses and the job prospects in the field.



I have passed Plus Two with computer science and am doing my final-year BA in sociology with English as a subject. I am keen on doing an MA course in journalism and mass communication. Will you please help me by listing the related study options and explaining the relevance of the subject in the job market.



Journalism or mass communication is a good higher study option for those intent on becoming a journalist in the print or the electronic media. Writing, presentation and other communication skills, extensive reading, an analytical mind, a keen sense of observation, and presence of mind and courage are some of the qualities required in a journalist.

Bachelor's and Master's degree and postgraduate diploma courses in journalism and mass communication provide knowledge and skills in a variety of disciplines, such as print or electronic journalism; development communication; communication research; and advertising and public relations.

Only a few universities and colleges offer journalism or mass communication as the main subject at the degree level. One can do Master's or postgraduate diploma course in these subjects after taking a degree in any discipline.

To become a trainee journalist or reporter or subeditor, a Master's degree in journalism or mass communication or one in any discipline combined with a postgraduate diploma in journalism will stand you in good stead. Graduates with the postgraduate diploma may also try for these positions.

Degree course

The Centre for Media and communication of the English and Foreign Languages (EFL) University, Hyderabad offers a BA (Honours) course in mass communication and journalism for those who have passed Plus Two or equivalent examinations. The course helps a student acquire comprehensive theoretical and practical knowledge for a wide range of careers in the rapidly growing media field. The first four semesters of the three-year course covers the history, theory, production principles, and debates shaping the field. In the final two semesters, students should choose an area of specialisation, complete internship with a media organisation, and submit a project report. Students get the opportunity to learn Arabic, French, German, Japanese, Russian, Spanish, or English literature and cultural studies.

Selection to the course is on the basis of an entrance test and an interview. Those who graduate from this course with at least 55 per cent marks may join the MA course in media and communication conducted by the university. Details may be had from

The Department of Humanities and Social Sciences of the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Madras has started an integrated five-year Master's programme for those who pass the Plus Two course. The course is offered in development studies and English studies. It allows students to choose their disciplines after getting a wide exposure to humanities and social sciences. Students completing the programme will have a range of career options to choose from, including academics, journalism, and language training.

Admission is through the Humanities and Social Science Entrance Examinations conducted by the IIT, Madras. The programme has 46 seats — 23 each for each discipline. Those who have scored at least 60 per cent marks in aggregate in the Plus Two examination may apply for the test. Those belonging to the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes and the physically challenged require at least 55 per cent marks. For details, visit

In Kerala, the following colleges and institutes conducting BA mass communication and related courses.

Mar Invaios College, Nalanchira, Thiruvananthapuram – 15.

A.J. College of Science and Technology, Thonnakkal, Thiruvananthapuram.

St. Xavier's College, Thumba, Thiruvananthapuram.

Catholicate College, Pathanamthitta (B.Sc. video production and science communication).

Minority Arts and Science College, Vattapparamba, Palakkad.

Hikamiyya Arts and Science College, Pathiriyil, Malappuram.

Dr. Gafoor Memorial MES Mampad College, Malappuram.

NMSM Government College, Kalpetta, Wayanad.

Pazhassi Raja College, Pulpally, Wayanad.

Amrita College of Communication, Amritha University.

Outside Kerala, Manipal University; SRM University, Chennai; Andhra University, Visakhapatnam; Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi; Bangalore University, Bangalore; Berhampur University, Berhampur, Orissa; Bundelkhand University, Jhansi; University of Delhi; Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar; Himachal Pradesh University, Shimla; Osmania University, Hyderabad; and Shivaji University, Kolhapur conduct degree courses in journalism and mass communication. (The list is only indicative.)

PG-level courses

There are several postgraduate-level courses in journalism and mass communication, such as Master of Journalism (MJ); Master of Communication and Journalism (MCJ); Master of Communication Studies (MCS); Master of Journalism and Mass Communication (MJMC); MA mass communication; and postgraduate diploma programmes. Ph.D. programmes are also available.

A few universities conduct Master's level courses in visual media or visual communication. With the advances in mass communication, many Indian universities have transformed journalism into mass communication or communication journalism courses. A revolution in communication, following the convergence and integration of communication technologies, has had its impact on journalism and mass communication.

The Indian Institute of Mass Communication (IIMC) is a premier institution under the Union Ministry of Information and Broadcasting that offers postgraduate diploma courses in journalism in English and Hindi and specialisation in radio and television journalism, advertising, and public relations. Graduates in any discipline are eligible for admission. Selection is based on an entrance test and an interview. The institute has campuses in New Delhi and Dhenkanal in Orissa. Websites:;

The Asian College of Journalism, Chennai is another institution that offers postgraduate diploma courses in journalism. Website: >

In Kerala, the Department of Communication and Journalism on Karyavattam campus of the University of Kerala in Thiruvananthapuram offers a the MCJ course. Selection is based on an entrance test and marks obtained in the degree examination. Science graduates with at least 55 per cent marks in Part III of the degree course and graduates in other streams with at least 50 per cent marks in Part III are eligible to apply.

The School of Communication and Information Science of Mahatma Gandhi University in Kottayam offers a Master of Journalism and Communication course on a self-financing basis. Graduates in any discipline can join the course.

DB College, Keezhoor, Kottayam offers the Master of Journalism and Communication course.

The Department of Journalism and Mass Communication on the Tenhipalam campus (Malappuram district) of the University of Calicut offers the MCJ course. Farook College in Kozhikode; St. Joseph's College, Irinjalakuda, and SAFI Institute of Advanced Study, Vazhayur, Malappuram, all affiliated to the university, offer the MCJ course.

Don Bosco College, Angadikkadavu, Kannur, affiliated to Kannur University, offers the MCJ course. The Amrita School of Communication offers an MA mass communication course.

The course content of the MA media and communication course of the English and Foreign Language University includes scripting for radio and television, English for writing in newspapers, business writing, oral communication and presentation skills, educational technology, multimedia, visual communication, media in communication, and so on. Graduates in English language and literature are eligible for admission.

Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University, Delhi offers a Master's course in media for graduates in any discipline ( >

The Symbiosis Institute of Mass Communication, Pune offers a postgraduate programme in mass communication with specialisation in print media and cyber journalism, public relations and corporate communication, and broadcast journalism. Graduates in any discipline are eligible for admission. Selection is based on an entrance test and an interview.

The Manipal Institute of Communication under Manipal University offers an MA course in communication for graduates in any discipline.

The School of Media Studies under SRM University, Kattankulathur offers an MA course in journalism and mass communication.

Several Universities in the country offers Master's or postgraduate diploma courses in journalism and mass communication. The University of Madras, Chennai; Bharathiar University, Coimbatore; Banaras Hindu University Varanasi; and Pondicherry University, Puducherry offers MA courses in journalism and mass communication.

The Indian Institute of Journalism and New Media, Bangalore; Jamia Millia Islamia University, New Delhi; Xavier Institute of Communication, Mumbai, provide courses in journalism and mass communication.

The Kerala Press Academy, Kakkanad, Kochi; the institutes of journalism under the press clubs in Thiruvananthapuram, Kotayam, and Kozhikode; Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan, Thiruvananthapuram; and the Manorama School of Communication, Kottayam, conduct one-year postgraduate diploma courses.

A related higher study option is visual communication. The Amrita School of Arts and Sciences, Brahmasthanam, Edappally North, Kochi offers an MFA visual media course with specialisation in broadcast journalism and video production, applied art and advertising, animation and content management ( >

Another option is becoming a radio jockey. The IIMC, New Delhi has introduced a one-year certificate course in radio jockey. Graduates in any discipline with communication and presentation skills can enter this profession. FM radio stations provide job opportunities.

Job opportunities

Those who pass these courses can seek employment in the print or the electronic media or become information officers, public relations officers, and so on in the government and private sectors. They can also join the Indian Information Service. Opportunities are available in the visual media and with web portals.

Those who have a Ph.D. or have cleared the National Eligibility Test for lectureship can become lecturers in colleges or universities.

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Printable version | Mar 2, 2021 11:25:34 AM |

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