Chandigarh festival celebrates myriad musical genres

The 51st Bhaskar Rao Nritya and Sangeet Sammelan was a blend of rhythm and melody

April 28, 2022 05:11 pm | Updated April 30, 2022 10:24 am IST

Suresh Talwalkar and daughter Savani.

Suresh Talwalkar and daughter Savani. | Photo Credit: Special Arrangement

The 51st edition of Pracheen Kala Kendra’s week-long All India Bhaskar Rao Nritya and Sangeet Sammelan was held recently at the Tagore Theatre, Chandigarh. Named after maestro Gayanacharya Bhaskarbua Bhakhle, it featured performances by both young and established artistes. Tabla exponent Suresh Talwalkar and daughter Savani opened the event with their performance. They were accompanied by Nagnath Adgaonkar (vocal), Abhishek Sinkar (harmonium), Ishan Paranjape (cajon and parant), and Rituraj Hinge (calabash).

Eschewing the traditional peshkar, kaida, rela, madhyalaya, gat, tukra, padan, and chakradhar sequence, the senior artiste presented an extended Jhap taal — Peshkar and Punjabi Kaida — and Parasbandi Chautaal. Through a nuanced Chautaal, he exhibited how a taal cycle should be practised. “Two-three-four-one is how one should begin. Follow it sincerely,” he said. This was followed by the bandish, ‘Chalo hato piya’, in raag Sohini, set to Adha Ara Chautaal. It was rendered by Nagnath. Suresh Talwalkar’s vibrant bols seamlessly blended with Nagnath’s voice, with emphasis on lahora and mukhra aspects as notated by his guru. He concluded with a robust Chakradhar.

Prof. Harvinder Singh.

Prof. Harvinder Singh. | Photo Credit: Special Arrangement

Day Two featured Prof. Harvinder Singh’s concert. The Chandigarh-based musician, chose raag Bageshree. His employment of Kanada–ang (ga-ma-re-sa) could be brought to scrutiny. His presentation of ‘Sakhi man lage na’, a bandish in Vilambit Ektaal, was marked by clarity, followed by Drut Teentaal, and Tarana. He concluded with a Khambaj thumri. Mithilesh Jha and Rajendra Prasad Banerjee accompanied him on the tabla and harmonium respectively.

Sarodist Pt. Debashish Bhattacharya, of the Senia Shahjahanpur gharana, who performed next, presented the alap and jhor for Jhinjhoti, a melodious raag of Khamaj thaat, in Vilambit teen taal. He continued with raag Kalawati in Madhyalay Ektaal, and stationed with a Mishra Pilu tune. However, an unnecessary over-indulgence with the tanpura, for which he did apologise, marred the mood. Durjay Bhaumik held steady on the tabla.

Rich legacy

Tulika Ghosh.

Tulika Ghosh. | Photo Credit: Special Arrangement

Tulika Ghosh, daughter of tabla exponent Pt. Nikhil Ghosh, and the great-niece of legendary flautist Pannalal Ghosh, combined the flavours of Atrauli, Gwalior, Sahaswan, Kirana, Patiala, and Benaras gharanas in her singing. Her first offering was raag Shri. After alaap, she presented a bandish in Jhaaptaal. In Maharaja Chakradhar Singh’s Raagmala, ‘Re re bahar aayi re chayanatbar’, the tempo changed while entering ‘Goure kul tilak manohar’, allowing the tabla accompanist, Durjay Bhaumik, to bring to the fore his skills. The Benarasi bhajan, ‘Banvari ki suratiya vistarit nahin’ was her final piece.

Different gharanas

Sitarist Partha Bose.

Sitarist Partha Bose. | Photo Credit: Special Arrangement

Sitarist Partha Bose, disciple of Pt. Manoj Shankar, of the Maihar gharana, chose to render raag Bihag, in three gats – Madhlay in khayal-ang, tantrakari, and löngi in drut, for his evening concert. Partha Bose’s attempt to import Etawah-Imdadkhani ang jor-jhala to embellish his rendition failed due to lack of proper application. He, perhaps, could have stuck to his known turf. He wound up with a pleasant Kafi thumri with Desi Todi inflections.

The Fourth day also featured vocalist Shaunak Abhisheki of Agra and Jaipur gharanas. Raag Saraswati in Rupak taal, and drut in adha taal were followed by a Bhinna Shadja thumri, ‘Hey purana chandrabha’.

Thematic presentation

Contrasting this listless session, Vyjayanti Kashi’s Shambhavi dance ensemble held sway with its thematic production, ‘Paramapurusha’, which took the audience on a virtual tour of Tirumala. The Kuchipudi piece, ‘Neelamegha Sareera’, tuned to Krishnaleela Tarangini (raga Mohanam, adi tala) saw dancers balancing on the rim of brass plates. They concluded with Yakshagana infused ‘Pootana Moksha’, inspired by Bhagavatham, harnessing Sanskrit and Kannada scripts adapted from Krishna Charitham. Sketches of Kaliya Daman, and Garuda were unique. However, senior dancer Vyjayanti Kashi could have added more vigour to the presentation.

Shudh Kalyan, set to Vilambit Ektaal and Drut Teentaal, was Sanjeev Abhyankar’s choice to commence his evening concert on the fifth day. He journeyed through raag Kalawati, and tarana and hori in Mishra Tilang. However, his elaborate explanations became tedious after a point. Sanjiv rounded off his concert with a Mira bhajan.

flautist Pravin Godkhindi.

flautist Pravin Godkhindi. | Photo Credit: Special Arrangement

Well-known flautist Pravin Godkhindi performed with son Shadaj. They presented raag Jog (gayaki ang) in Madhyalay Rupak taal. The father-son duo progressed to drut taankari and layakari, felicitously harnessing the Åar bansuri, while concluding their concert with Ustad Amjad Ali Khan’s tarana in Mishra Pahari. It was a soothing rendition as Pravin played the notes also in E, like the Åar, but one octave lower, strung with A, B, E notes in the fifth octave, thus making for a delightful experience.

Commencing with raag Hamsadhvani (alap, jod, jhala, madhyalaya teentaal), santoor artiste Rahul Sharma concluded his rendition with the customary Mishra Pahari tune. Attention to evocation alongside craft would have enhanced the appeal.

He commenced the penultimate day, with raag Hansadhvani (alap, jod, jhala, madhyalaya teentaal), culminating in the customary Mishra Pahari tune. Attention to evocation alongside craft would have enhanced the appeal.

Padmaja Suresh.

Padmaja Suresh. | Photo Credit: Special Arrangement

Bhartanatyam dancer and scholar, Padmaja Suresh displayed the Thanjavur style through kavuthuvam. Beginning with the Kamakshi kavuthuvam, her line-up included a special piece ‘Radhika tava birahey’ on Chandi Devi, after whom Chandigarh is named, based on Durga Saptashati. She also performed a Muthuswami Dikshitar kriti in raga Kamala Manohari, a daru varnam in raga Kamboji, and ‘Maitreem Bhajata’. Her team included Balasubramaniyam Sharma (vocal), R. Keshavan (nattuvangam), Shrihari Rangaswamy (mridangam), and Jayaram K.S. (flute).

Traditional technique

A well-known representative of the Punjab gharana, Yogesh Samsi, disciple of Ustad Allah Rakha, set the tone for a vibrant concert with his presentation of teentaal – peshkar, kaida, rela, padan, tukra, etc. , Tanmoy Deocha accompanied him on the harmonium. Within the truncated time, Yogesh enhanced his presentation with his deft touch and technique, on bayan and dayan.

Pt. Vishwa Mohan Bhatt.

Pt. Vishwa Mohan Bhatt. | Photo Credit: Special Arrangement

Dedicating the day to the memory of guru M.L. Koser, founder, Pracheen Kala Kendra, Pt. Vishwa Mohan Bhatt chose to present raag Vishwaranjani (an amalgamation of Shiva Ranjani and Madhubanti), his own creation, which bore shades of Pilu and Kirwani, and a touch of Malgunji, before including his son, Salil Bhatt for an incongruous and inadequate Jog-Jazz.

The Mumbai-based reviewer writes on art and culture.

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