The BJP and Prime Minister Narendra Modi, on Thursday, scripted history by becoming the second political party in the Indian history to come back to power, even stronger this time.
The National Democratic Alliance (NDA) has won 294 seats and is leading in another 32 seats, with the UPA coalition having won 76 seats and leading in only 12 seats. The Congress once again fell short of numbers needed to get Leader of Opposition position in Lok Sabha.
While retaining its vote share in the Hindi Belt, the BJP successfully made inroads in West Bengal, Odisha and Telangana. Thursday's results saw the fall of some regional parties such as the TDP, RJD and Trinamool, while the rise of some — YSRCP and DMK.
Click here to read The Hindu's live coverage on Election Results on May 23.
Here is a visualisation of party-wise leads as counting progresses
Here are the live updates:
Sun has set on term of govt, but its brightness will continue: PM Modi
Moments after President Ram Nath Kovind accepted resignation of the Union Council of Ministers, Prime Minister Narendra Modi said while the sun has set on the term of the present government, the brightness of its work will continue to illuminate the lives of people.
With the BJP-led National Democratic Alliance returning to power with a massive majority in the Lok Sabha election, Modi is set to be sworn in as the Prime Minister next week.
“The sun sets on this term, but the brightness our work has brought will continue to illuminate the lives of millions. A new dawn awaits, a new term beckons,” Modi tweeted.
He said his government is even more determined to fulfil the dreams of 130 crore Indians and create the “New India all of us dreamt of“.
Meanwhile, BJP workers from Varanasi Friday handed him the official certificate of election. Feel happy to be representing one of the oldest and most vibrant centres of Indian culture, he tweeted.
Earlier in the day, Modi met officers and staff of the Prime Minister’s Office at South Block.
“The Prime Minister appreciated the efforts and dedication of the entire PMO, over the last five years and urged everyone to rededicate themselves to work even harder to play a key role in fulfilling the hopes and aspirations of the people of India. He said people have great expectations from the government, and these expectations provide Team PMO with the energy to work to the utmost,” an official statement said.
PM, Council of Ministers tender resignation: Rashtrapati Bhavan
Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Council of Ministers have tendered their resignation, according to the President of India.
President Ram Nath Kovind has accepted the resignation. They will continue in office till the new Government is formed.
"Prime Minister Narendra Modi called on President Kovind at Rashtrapati Bhavan," the President of India tweeted from the official handle, along with a photo of the PM and the President.
Record 78 women MPs in new Lok Sabha
The highest-ever number of women have been elected in the 2019 Lok Sabha polls. Out of 542 MPs who will take oath as members of the Lower House in the next few days, 78 are women with Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal leading at 11 each.
A total of 724 women candidates contested from across the country with Congress fielding the maximum women at 54 followed closely by BJP at 53.
With over 14% female MPs, the 17th Lok Sabha will have the highest number of women candidates since 1952. In 16th Lok Sabha, 64 women had won, while 52 women were elected to the 15th Lok Sabha.
A Bill for 33% representation for women in legislatures in pending in Parliament.
As many as 27 out of 41 sitting women MPs, including Sonia Gandhi, Hema Malini and Kirron Kher, retained their seats in Lok Sabha polls, but the likes of Smriti Irani and Pragya Thakur stole the show with their victories over their more renowned rivals.
Other prominent names to enter Parliament are DMK candidate from Thoothukkudi Kanimozhi Karunanidhi and BJP’s Rita Bahuguna, who won from Uttar Pradesh’s Allahabad constituency.
Locket Chatterjee, Bengali actress-turned-politician from the BJP, won in Hooghly constituency.
Among the other parties, the Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP) fielded 24 women candidates, the All India Trinamool Congress (AITC) 23, the CPI(M) 10, the CPI four, while the Nationalist Congress Party (NCP) fielded one woman candidate.
Four transgender candidates contested the elections independently, while the AAP was the only party to field a transgender nominee. All transgender candidates lost in the polls.
The highest number of women candidates were fielded from Uttar Pradesh at 104, followed by Maharashtra. Sixty-four women candidates have been fielded from Tamil Nadu, 55 from Bihar and 54 from West Bengal.
In 14th Lok Sabha 52 women candidates won, in 13th Lok Sabha 52 women candidates won, in 12th Lok Sabha 44 women candidates won, in 11th Lok Sabha 41 women candidates won. In 10th Lok Sabha 42 women candidates won. There were 28 women in 9th Lok Sabha while the 8th Lok Sabha had 45 women MPs. Before that, the maximum of 37 women won in 3rd Lok Sabha.
There were 24 women MPs each in the first and the second Lok Sabha.
Union Cabinet recommends dissolution of 16th Lok Sabha
The Union Cabinet on May 24 recommended the dissolution of the 16th Lok Sabha, government sources said.
The Cabinet met a day after the counting of votes for the Lok Sabha elections in which the NDA retained power with a massive mandate.
After the Cabinet’s recommendation, President Ram Nath Kovind is now expected to dissolve the present Lok Sabha, the term of which is ending on June 3.
The 17th Lok Sabha has to be constituted before June 3 and the process to form a new House will be initiated when the three Election Commissioners meet the President in the next few days to hand over the list of newly-elected members.
NDA MPs to meet tomorrow to formally elect Narendra Modi as leader
Newly-elected MPs of the BJP-led NDA will meet on May 25 to formally elect Prime Minister Narendra Modi as their leader, setting in motion the process of formation of the new government.
The BJP said the meeting will take place in Parliament’s Central Hall at 5 p.m.
Mr. Modi is also expected to address the MPs following his election as their leader.
With Mr. Modi already being announced as the prime ministerial candidate of the alliance, the meeting is considered a mere formality.
While the BJP has won 302 seats, with one more result pending, the National Democratic Alliance has nearly 350 members in the Lok Sabha.
BJP takes all of Haryana, Himachal Pradesh
The Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) has swept all the parliamentary seats in Haryana and Himachal Pradesh in the 2019 Lok Sabha polls. In both the States, the BJP is in power.
According to the results announced by Election Commission of India (ECI) on Thursday, former Chief Minister and Congress leader Bhupinder Singh Hooda lost in Sonipat by a margin of 1,64,864 votes. The BJP’s Ramesh Chander Kaushik secured 5,87,664 votes to win from Sonipat.
PM to hand in resignation this evening
The Union Cabinet will meet this evening. Prime Minister Narendra Modi will then submit his resignation to President Ram Nath Kovind.
Congress Working Committee to meet on Saturday
Our correspondent Sandeep Phukan reports
The Congress Working Committee (CWC), the party's highest decision making body is likely to meet in Delhi on Saturday to discuss the party's debacle for the second consecutive Lok Sabha elections.
Congress president Rahul Gandhi is likely to offer his resignation since he failed to lead his party to victory or substantially improve its performance in the 2019 Lok Sabha elections.
Mr. Gandhi also lost a prestige battle in Amethi as BJP's Smriti Irani wrested the seat that Mr. Gandhi was representing since 2004.
Asked whether he would resign as the party chief on Thursday, Mr Gandhi said, "that you can leave between me and the Working Committee."
Modi, Amit Shah meet Advani, Murli Manohar Joshi
Prime Minister Narendra Modi and BJP chief Amit Shah called on party veterans LK Advani and Murli Manohar Joshi on Friday.
“Called on respected Advani Ji. The BJP’s successes today are possible because greats like him spent decades building the party and providing a fresh ideological narrative to the people,” Mr. Modi tweeted. He also posted a picture of the meeting. Mr. Modi and Mr. Shah later met Mr. Joshi.
After meeting Mr. Joshi, the PM tweeted, “Dr Murli Manohar Joshi is a scholar and intellectual par excellence. His contribution towards improving Indian education is remarkable. He has always worked to strengthen the BJP and mentor several Karyakartas, including me“. “Met him this morning and sought his blessings.”
Counting of votes ends in Andhra Pradesh
Counting of votes has ended in Andhra Pradesh with the declaration of result in Uravakonda Assembly seat.
Telugu Desam candidate Payyavula Keshav won against YSR Congress Party candidate and sitting MLA Y. Visweswara Reddy by a margin of 2,132 votes.
There is a sentiment that whichever party wins from this seat does not form the government and the coincidence continued in this election.
Final tally for Andhra Pradesh Assembly
|Yuvajana Sramika Rythu Congress Party||151|
Though the victory of Union Minister Kiren Rijiju is certain as he is leading by over 1.5 lakh votes, there is a delay in declaring his win. The VVPAT match is still on in a few counting centres.
Elections in India an inspiration around the world: US
Congratulating Prime Minister Narendra Modi on his re-election, the United States has said that the just-concluded elections in India, the largest democratic exercise in human history, is an inspiration for people around the world.
“Congrats to an American ally and friend Prime Minister Narendra Modi on his party’s win in India’s parliamentary election,” Vice President Mike Pence tweeted.
“This was a strong display of the Indian people’s commitment to democracy! We look forward to continuing to work with India for a freer, safer, and more prosperous region,” he said.
Secretary of State Mike Pompeo too took to Twitter to congratulate the Prime Minister.
“Congratulations to @narendramodi and the NDA for their victory in India’s election, and to the Indian people for casting their votes in such historic numbers. As the world’s largest exercise in democracy, #India’s election is an inspiration around the world,” he said.
During an off-camera gaggle with reporters, State Department spokesperson Morgan Ortagus said India’s elections are the world’s largest exercise in democracy, a marvel of logistics and planning with 900 million people — an eighth of the world’s population — eligible to vote.
“We applaud the high turnout, estimated at around 66% or roughly 600 million people, and the government of India for their excellent execution of this incredible event,” Ms. Ortagus said.
Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas congratulates Modi
Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas has congratulated Prime Minister Narendra Modi on his party’s victory in the parliamentary elections, conveying his “sincere felicitations” and "wishing success".
In a message addressed to Mr. Modi, President Abbas "wished him success in his mission of serving his country and people".
Abbas also expressed appreciation for “India’s unwavering support to our people and legitimate rights in self-determination and establishing the independent state of Palestine” in his congratulatory message.
Telugu Desam Party sitting MP Kinjarapu Rammohan Naidu was elected from Srikakulam Parliament seat again, thanks to cross voting in favour of him.
Although the party was defeated in five out of seven Assembly constituencies that come under Srikakulam Parliament seat, Mr. Rammohan Naidu won the seat defeating his nearest rival and YSRCP nominee Duvvada Srinivas with a margin of 6,658 votes.
In UP, BJP gets 60 and counting, SP-BSP struggles to touch 15
The BJP and its ally Apna Dal(S) have won 62 of Uttar Pradesh’s 80 Lok Sabha seats, demolishing the challenge posed by the SP-BSP alliance, which has managed 14 seats between them.
The counting of votes is still under way in the State, which sends the highest number of MPs in the Lower House, and the Election Commission has declared results of 77 seats as of 6:20 a.m. on Friday.
Of these, the BJP has won 60 seats and its NDA ally Apna Dal (S) two. The BJP is also leading in two seats.
SKM’s Indra Hang Subba wins lone LS seat in Sikkim
The result of the lone Lok Sabha constituency in Sikkim went on a predictable line with Indra Hang Subba of the Sikkim Krantikari Morcha (SKM) winning the seat. Over the past four decades, voters of Sikkim have traditionally sent the State’s ruling party candidate to the Lok Sabha, and this time too they did not make exception.
The SKM has won the Assembly polls with a slender majority -- winning 17 seats against SDF’s 15.
Of nearly 20,600 paper trail machine results, 12,480 matched with EVMs so far, EC sources tell PTI . Citing reports of State chief electoral officers, the sources say there have been no mismatch with EVM tally. There have been one case which appears to be a manual error. “It is being looked into by the EC.”