• From genome editing and Artificial Intelligence (AI) to Machine Learning (ML), STEM careers of the future will require both technical capability and creativity. Ramjee Swaminathan, CTO of CliX — an outcome of the collaboration between Tata Truss, MIT and the Tata Institute of Social Sciences — advocates strong apprenticeship models and vocational courses to tackle our skills gap. The. “We need a community or cadre of travelling STEM teachers, both at the school and undergraduate levels,” he says. “Jobs in science require fluency in cognitive skills, critical thinking, and the resolution of complex and creative problems.”