Careers

‘Only 1.7% of engineers in India fit into new-age jobs’

Eight out of 10 Indian engineers are not employable in any position in the knowledge economy, says the national employability report released by Aspiring Minds.

The report says that there is no significant improvement in employability skills of Indian engineers in the last seven years, with a huge gap in new-age skills.

According to the report, only 3.84% of the engineers have the technical, cognitive and language skills required for software-related jobs in start-ups.

Additionally, a mere 3% of the engineers have new-age technological skills in areas like Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning, Data Science and Mobile Development.

The average employability percentage for new-age jobs is 1.7%.

While it is three times ahead of China in coding, India is way behind the United States. Around 18.8% of the engineers applying for IT jobs in the United States can write correct code, while only 4.7% can do so in India.

Commenting about engineering education that is largely theory-based, the report says micro-interventions have helped create isolated pockets of competence, but they do little for higher education or the larger economy as a whole.

Only 40% of the students take up internships and 36% of them undertake projects beyond their required course work.

Industry exposure

The study found that 60% of the faculty do not discuss how engineering concepts apply to industry. Only 47% of them attend industry talks. Lack of counselling and direction is a key hurdle to students in finding a job.

More than 1.7 lakh engineering students from over 750 engineering colleges were part of the study.

India has 940 females for every 1000 males, making the male-to-female ratio (mfr) 1.06. In engineering colleges, the mfr is 1.79. But the good news is that this marks a slight improvement, as the mfr calculated in the previous edition was 1.68.

Employability percentage based on different metrics shows that Delhi (North) has the highest employability, followed by Kolkata. The lowest employability percentage was found among college students in southern cities.

Factors determining employability include student initiatives, technical project and talks.

The report has suggested that employability assessments and training programme be conducted on a periodic basis.

“In the first year of university study, create faculty development and continuous assessment programmes and design niche research programmes,” says the report.

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Printable version | Aug 13, 2020 4:38:51 PM | https://www.thehindu.com/education/careers/only-17-of-them-fit-into-new-age-jobs/article26651690.ece

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