Data

Suicide top killer of women, accidents for men

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The streets continue to remain the most unsafe place for men and the home, for women. New data shows that of all unnatural causes, men in India are most likely to die in road accidents, while women are most likely to commit suicide.

The National Crime Records Bureau’s Accidental Deaths and Suicides in India report for 2014 was released late on Friday night. The numbers show a slight increase in the number of Indian deaths in road accidents and a slight decrease in the number of suicides.

In general, men outnumber women in all categories of unnatural deaths, except in the case of fire. This can be attributed to a gender dynamic that is still skewed towards men spending more of their time outside the house and at work, while women spend most of their time at home, say demographers.

Road accidents

As in past years, road accidents are the top killers of men in India, taking over 1.2 lakh male lives in 2014, or nearly five times the number of male deaths by homicide the previous year. The largest number of male deaths in road accidents occurs in the age group of 18 to 30. For women, road accidents account for the second largest number of deaths by unnatural causes.

Suicide

Suicide is the top non-disease killer of women, taking over 42,000 female lives last year, although there has been a slight decline in the number of suicides among both men and women. Illness and miscellaneous family problems are the stated causes for the largest number of female suicides, as they are for men. In 2014, 68 women were reported to have committed suicide on account of physical abuse or rape and 2,222 as a result of dowry harassment.

The majority of women who committed suicide last year were housewives. Nearly 1,500 were farmers or agricultural labourers. Over half were married and three-quarters were among the poorest class of Indians. While women are most likely to commit suicide between the ages of 18 and 30, men are most likely to take their lives between the age of 30 and 45.

Among natural calamities, lightning was the top killer of both men and women, taking over 2,500 lives last year alone.

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Printable version | Dec 12, 2019 5:36:34 PM | https://www.thehindu.com/data/suicide-top-killer-of-women-accidents-for-men/article7438069.ece

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