Foreign investors have pulled out a net of over ₹17,000 crore this month so far due to the attractiveness of the Chinese markets and the cautious stance adopted by them ahead of the Union Budget and U.S. Federal Reserve meeting.
The outflow in January came after a net inflow of ₹11,119 crore in December and ₹36,239 crore in November.
Overall, foreign portfolio investors (FPIs) have pulled out ₹1.21 lakh crore from the Indian equity markets in 2022, following aggressive rate hikes by the central banks globally, particularly the U.S. Federal Reserve, volatile crude, rising commodity prices and the Russia-Ukraine conflict.
For FPIs, 2022 was a subdued year in terms of flow and withdrawal from equities after a net investment in the preceding three years.
According to the data with the depositories, FPIs have made a net withdrawal of ₹17,023 crore this month (till January 27).
Himanshu Srivastava, Associate Director - Manager Research, Morningstar India, said that FPIs are adopting a cautious stance, as they are apprehensive ahead of the US Federal Reserve meeting and the Union Budget on February 1. The Fed's monetary policy committee will meet from January 31 to February 1. Also, FPIs have been focusing on China after its markets reopened after the lockdown. Under its zero COVID policy, China was enforcing rigorous lockdowns to reduce the number of cases. As a result, Chinese markets declined, making them more appealing from a value standpoint, Srivastava said.
This caused FPIs to shift their focus from economies with relatively high valuations like India to China, he added.
Additionally, a weak global economic growth outlook has raised concerns about the U.S. economy entering a recession, Srivastava said.
FPI strategy in January has been selling in India and buying in relatively cheaper markets like China, Hong Kong, South Korea and Thailand, VK Vijayakumar, Chief Investment Strategist at Geojit Financial Services, said.
On the hand, FPIs have invested in debt securities to the tune of ₹3,685 crore so far this month.
Apart from India, FPI flows were negative for Indonesia also so far this month, while it was positive for the Philippines, South Korea and Thailand.
Going forward, FPI flows are expected to remain volatile in India as market participants remained cautious ahead of the Union Budget next week while the 3Q FY22 earnings season failed to enthuse, Shrikant Chouhan, Head of Equity Research ( Retail), Kotak Securities Ltd, said.