A hundred years ago October 16, 1919. Archives

From the Archives (October 16, 1919): The Congress Presidentship.

The present session is the most crucial and momentous in the history of the Indian National Congress, as the Congress is on the eve of the fruition of its labours and objects before another year rolls by. The acceptance on the part of the British Government of the Congress ideal of Responsible or Self-Government is itself an achievement on which the Congress deserves congratulation. The impending constitutional changes will revolutionise the Government of the country and will lead to unexpected and unforeseen results in the relations not only between the powers-that-be and the people, but will also lead to new complications, novel differences amongst the people themselves or their leaders and representatives: Apart from inculcating a spirit of patriotism and fostering a feeling of brotherhood amongst the people, the object of the Congress, I conceive, is largely of two-fold nature viz, to take steps towards the popularisation and democratisation of the Government of the country and secondly or negatively to criticise and oppose the reactionary measures and repressive legislation of the bureaucracy. Thus this year, the most important questions agitating the political mind of India are the Indian Reform Bill and the Punjab Scandal.

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