i http://www.world-nuclear.org/education/whyu.htm

ii Thorium as a Secure Nuclear Fuel Alternative, A Canon Bryan, 23-April-2009, Journal of Energy Security (available at http://www.ensec.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id= 187:thorium-as-a-secure-nuclear-fuel-alternative&catid= 94:0409content&Itemid=342)

iii Steve Kirsch, The Most Important Investment that We Aren't Making to Mitigate the Climate Crisis, 26.12.2009 Huff Post Green, (http://www.huffingtonpost.com/steve-kirsch/the-most- important-invest_b_402685.html)

iv Data from World Resources Institute (for 2003)

v India and China, Raghav Behal

vi India envisages about 950,000 MW power requirement by 2030, http://www.monstersandcritics.com/news/energywatch/news/article_1184013.php/India_envisages_about_950000_MW_power_ requirement_by_2030

vii “World Nuclear Power Reactors 2006-08 and Uranium Requirements.” World Nuclear Association. 2008-01-14.

viii “World Uranium Production U3O8/ million lbs.” Ux Consulting Company, LLC

ix World Nuclear Power Reactors & Uranium Requirements, World Nuclear Association (21 October 2011) (available at http://www.world-nuclear.org/info/reactors.html) Data is for 2010

x Nuclear Power Plant Information, IAEA PRIS (2010), available at http://www.iaea.org/cgi-bin/db.page.pl/ pris.nucshare.htm

xi International Monetary Fund, 2010

xii India 2011/12 coal import needs may jump to 114 mln T, Reuters, September 27, 2011

xiii Rise of the Coal Bill, RN Bhaskar, Forbes India Magazine (April 2010)

xiv Matters elucidated thus far by RERF studies, http://www.rerf.or.jp/rerfrad_e.pdf

xv Matters elucidated thus far by RERF studies, http://www.rerf.or.jp/rerfrad_e.pdf

xvi IPCC Reports on climate change

xvii Air quality and health, Fact Sheet, WHO (http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs313/en /index.html)

xviii Climate Change and Health, WHO 2010, http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs266/en/

xix “UNSCEAR assessment of the Chernobyl accident.” Unscear.org.

xx Climate change fight to cost $300 billion a year, Alister Doyle (12-August-2009), OneWorld (available at http://southasia.oneworld.net/globalheadlines/climate-change-fight-to-cost-300-billion-a-year)

xxi How Coal Works, Union of Concerned Scientists (available at http://www.ucsusa.org/clean_energy/coalvswind/brief_coal. html)

xxii Each kg of coal generates about 2.93 kg of CO2

xxiii Considering the following calculations. About 30,000 million tons of CO2 is responsible for the casualties of about 1.3 million lives per year. (1 billion ton = 1000 million ton). Thus, 1 MT corresponds to about 43.33 causalities per year. And 8.37 million tons would be responsible (by interpolation) for about 362 lives being lost.

xxiv Similar to the above derivation

xxv Based on the eight fold mass to energy advantage we have earlier cited from the article: Thorium as a Secure Nuclear Fuel Alternative, A Canon Bryan, 23-April-2009, Journal of Energy Security

xxvi IAEA, 2005

xxvii Extracted from http://www.world-nuclear.org/info/inf62. html

xxviii Liquid Fluoride Thorium Reactors http://www.americanscientist.org/issues/feature/2010/4/liquid-fluoride-thorium-reactorsThorium Fuel for Nuclear Energy, http://www.americanscientist.org/issues/feature/thorium- fuel-for-nuclear-energy/3

xxix “Federation of American Scientists: Status of World Nuclear Forces.” Fas.org.