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Urban areas growing by leaps and bounds: census

C. Jaishankar
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Decadal growth rate of Puducherry is 27.72 per cent

Deputy Director, Directorate of Census Operations, J. Jayapragasam releasing the ‘Provisional Population Totals- Paper 2’ in Puducherry on Friday: —Photo: T. Singaravelou
Deputy Director, Directorate of Census Operations, J. Jayapragasam releasing the ‘Provisional Population Totals- Paper 2’ in Puducherry on Friday: —Photo: T. Singaravelou

The urban areas in Union Territory of Puducherry have recorded an exponential population growth rate than rural areas during the last 10 years, indicating rapid urbanisation of Puducherry.

As per the provisional population data released by the Directorate of Census Operations, Puducherry, on Friday, the decadal growth rate of Puducherry is 27.72 per cent, which is 7.1 per cent higher than the growth rate registered during 1991-2001. The population growth in rural areas stood at 21.07 as against 12.01 per cent of 1991-2001. In urban areas, it is 31.07 per cent. It is 10 per cent more than the growth rate recorded in rural areas. Between 1991 and 2001, the growth rate in urban areas was 25.46 per cent.

J. Jayapragasam, Deputy Director, Directorate of Census Operations, said the exponential growth rate in urban areas was a clear indicator of rapid urbanisation. A large number of people from rural areas might have settled in urban areas for various reasons. The trend was likely to move up further in the coming years also.

The highest decadal growth of population at district level had been recorded in Yanam district with 77.15 per cent followed by Puducherry district with 28.73 per cent. The lowest growth rate was recorded in Mahe district as 13.86 per cent preceded by Karaikal with 17.29 per cent.

Among the districts, highest rural decadal growth rate was recorded in Puducherrry with 27.39 per cent followed by Karaikal district with 6 per cent. It is interesting to know that Yanam and Mahe districts have been declared as entirely urbanised districts. Yanam with 77.15 per cent growth rate stood first followed by Karaikal (31.90) and Puducherry (29.34). The lowest growth rate in urban population during the decade is recorded in Mahe district with 13.86 per cent.

As per the rural-urban break up of 2011 census, the total population in Puducherry is 12,44,464. Of this, rural population stands at 3,94,341 and urban population at 8,50,123. Overall, it has seen an increase of more than 2.70 lakh, the rural increase is by 68,615 and the urban population by 2,01,504 during the decade. The increase in population is more in urban areas than in rural areas.

Among four districts, Puducherry is recorded as the most populous district in the Union Territory with 9,46,600 persons during 2011 census followed by Karaikal with 2,00,314, Yanam (55,616) and Mahe (41,934). Puducherry has more rural population among the districts. It has around 75 per cent of total rural population of the Union Territory and Karaikal has the rest.

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