Transplanted method helps red gram farmers reap rich dividends
Farmers who had taken up cultivation of red gram under the transplanted method are happy with the yield per acre in the Jolarpet block. Farmers and officials of the Agriculture Department attribute the increased yield this season to the newly-introduced transplanted method of cultivation.
A total of 500 hectares of land came under red gram cultivation under the Accelerated Pulses Production Programme (A3P), National Agricultural Development Programme (NADP) in Jolarpet block. Nearly 200 farmers had taken up the transplanted red gram cultivation in the block, according to officials of the Agriculture Department.
Agriculture officials attached to the Jolarpet block said harvest was almost over and good yield of red grams has come as a reason to cheer.
“High yield has been obtained due to foliar application of Di Ammonium Phosphate and higher spacing in between plants and rows,” Goutam Kumar Dey, assistant director of Agriculture, Jolarpet noted.
Under direct sowing method, sowing was taken up during the third week of July 2012 and a spacing of six feet between rows and one feet between plants was adopted. Whereas in the transplanted method, red gram seeds were sown in “portrays” under “shade net.”
The seedlings were transplanted in the field after 20 days with a spacing of six feet in between rows and two feet in between plants under rain fed conditions, officials noted.
The farmers harvested the crop this month. In the direct sowing method, the average yield obtained was 840 kg per hectare, while the average yield was 1,200 kg per hectare in the transplanted method, said J.C. Ragini, Agricultural Officer, Jolarpet block
D. Sivakumar, a farmer in Ramareddiyur in Jolarpet block, had taken up transplanted red gram cultivation on acre of land. “I have got yield of 600 kg for an acre. This is nearly three times more than the yield obtained through direct sowing method. The yield under the direct sowing method was 200 kg per acre this time,” he said.
The good yield has drawn the attention of several farmers in the block and many want to take up transplanted method of cultivation. “Several farmers have started to enquire about the transplanted method of cultivating red gram. There is increased awareness among them now,” he noted.
In fact, Sivakumar was taken aback on seeing the thick growth of the red gram crops, with each plant having nearly 90 branches.
Similar was the reaction of C. Raman, another farmer at Ramanur in Chinnakammiyampattu in Jolarpet block. “I have not witnessed such a thick growth of red gram crops all these years. The transplanted method has really paid off as I have obtained yield of 450 kg per acre,” he said.
His experience with red gram crops over the years has changed this season with the transplanted method. “I have taken up red gram crops cultivation through the direct sowing but the yield has been less,” he added.
K. Rajagopal, a farmer at Thammalerimuthur, also obtained a yield of 450 kg per acre.
“This is definitely more than what I expected. Such methods will fetch farmers more profit and can be adopted each year,” he said.