R. Arivanantham

916 tribal families in Krishnagiri district will benefit from the fund

KRISHNAGIRI: National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD) has sanctioned Rs. 2.88 crore for development of tribals in Tamil Nadu.

The project will help in improving the livelihood of 916 tribal families in three clusters in Thaly and Kelamangalam blocks of Krishnagiri district.

V. Thirumalai, Assistant General Manager, NABARD, told The Hindu that such a project had been sanctioned for the first time for Tamil Nadu.

Mysore Resettlement and Development Agency (MYRADA), a Hosur-based NGO, will be the nodal and implementing agency for the project.

The grant has to be utilised in the next seven years for the livelihood development of tribals in Luxmipuram, Kodagarai and Bettamugilalam village panchayats in Thaly and Kelemangalam panchayat unions in the district.

‘Wadi’ model

A development model like the one adopted in Wadi, a village in Gujarat, has been found to be very effective in creating sustainable livelihoods for tribal families.

In order to support tribal families in other parts of the country, NABARD has created a dedicated fund called ‘Tribal Development Fund’ (TDF) with a corpus of Rs. 50 crore. The Fund will be used as loan or grant to support the implementation of ‘Wadi’ model and micro enterprises undertaken by tribal families in tribal dominant areas of the country.

The ‘Wadi model’ stands out as a sustainable model suitable for replication in other tribal areas.

Under this programme, MYRADA in association with NABARD would engage the tribals in orchard development, soil conservation, water resource management, sustainable agriculture, community development, women development, community health, micro-enterprises for landless people, processing and marketing and other auxiliary programmes.

Development of women

Increased emphasis and concerted efforts would be given to the participation of women in the programme. Major activities that would be taken up would include promotion of SHGs, income generation activities, drudgery reduction along with awareness generation about reproductive health and development aspects.

The income generating activities included fruit and forest plant nurseries, vegetable cultivation, produce collection, papad making, vermin composting etc.

In order to reduce work for women, smokeless stoves, use of bearings in the traditional grinding stones and pedal thresher for paddy would be introduced.

Besides the land holding families, the programme would support the landless by providing micro-enterprises in farm and non-farm sectors and employment opportunities in processing units.


The TDF programme has been designed to ensure good prices for the produce. Decentralised processing facilities for their produce would be established.

This would facilitate creation of employment opportunities for landless tribal families in the project area and also ensure appropriate price for the farm produce by providing captive market for raw materials and better returns through value addition, Mr. Thirumalai added.

The project will be inaugurated by Vishwanath A Shegaonkar, Principal Secretary, Tribal Welfare Department, in the presence of V.K. Shanmugam, Collector, R. Narayan, Chief General Manager, Tamil Nadu Region, NABARD, at Kottaiyur village in Kelamangalam Panchayat Union, Denkanikottai Taluk on February 20.