BERHAMPUR: A pilot project will be taken up in Ganjam district to study the impact of global warming on agriculture, horticulture and agrarian population.
The study will be taken up jointly by the Central Ministry of Agriculture, Central Rice Research Institute (CRRI), Cuttack, Orissa University of Agriculture and Technology (OUAT), Bhubaneswar. The United Nations Development Programme will be the sponsor of the project.
According to Ganjam district Collector V.K. Pandian, some blocks of the district will be selected for the special project to study the impact of global warming on agriculture, livestock, horticulture and fisheries. It will be a four-year long project.
The researchers involved in the project will also try to find out ways through which the agriculture of the area could be better adapted to the climatic changes.
Vagaries of climatic changes related to global warming have already started to show in Ganjam district. The farmers of the district have been suffering due to erratic and untimely rainfall.
The time and intensity of seasons have also changed. It is having its impact on the cropping pattern as the farmers still have their agricultural timings attached to the old timings of season change, says Sudipta Das, a botanist.
No data till now
Ramkrushna Das, technical director of the Berhampur unit of the National Informatics Centre (NIC), felt till now grass root level data regarding climatic changes and their impact on agricultural activities is not available. Availability of this data will enable the agricultural scientists to bring in changes which will make the agricultural activities more adaptable to the environmental changes.
These adaptive changes will help humans survive the catabolic changes in the environment due to global warming.