Approval has already been granted to open it in Koraput

The State government may soon open its fourth drug-resistant TB centre at the district headquarters hospital of Koraput for which approval has already been granted.

At present three DR TB centres are functioning at SCB Medical College, Cuttack, MKCG Medical College, Berhampur, and VSS Medical College, Burla, to provide pre-treatment evaluation and initiation of treatment to the diagnosed drug-resistant TB patients.

More than 300 patients have been diagnosed and initiated on treatment for drug resistant TB.

According to the State Health Department sources, since inception of Revised National TB Control Programme (RNTCP) in 1997, a total of 5,11,942 TB cases were detected and more than 85 per cent of these patients successfully treated.

The annual new sputum positive case detection rate in the State in 2012 was 61 per cent and the treatment success rate was 86 per cent. The programmatic management of drug resistant TB (PMDT) was initiated in the State as a pilot project in 2009, a senior health department official involved in RNTCP said.

Major problem

To strengthen anti-TB programme, additional human resources have been sanctioned for all districts. While recruitment process has already been completed for 23 districts, the process is going on to fill the posts in the remaining districts.

According to the Health Department release, tuberculosis is a major public health problem with substantial morbidity and mortality. The delayed or inappropriate diagnosis and irregular and incomplete treatment of TB may contribute to complications, disease spread, and emergence of drug-resistant TB.

Focus on info

Therefore for an effective TB control, to reduce TB transmission and to address the problems of emergence of drug-resistant TB, it is essential to have complete information on all TB cases.