CUTTACK: Central Rice Research Institute (CRRI), the premier rice research centre of the country here has come up with at least 11 new high-yielding varieties of rice, five of which are exclusively suitable for cultivation in Orissa.
With this achievement, the Institute now claims to have released 76 rice varieties for different ecosystems ever since its inception in 1948. “Of these, at least 44 varieties are suitable for Orissa”, informed the Institute Director T. K. Adhya here on Monday, just two days before the 64th Foundation Day of CRRI.
Dr. Adhya said the new rice varieties were recently released by the Central and State committees for general cultivation in different parts of the country.
While varieties like—CR Dhan-701, CR Dhan-601, CR Boro Dhan-2, CR Dhan-401 and CR Dhan-501 are released by the Central committee for cultivation in States like Bihar, Gujarat, Assam, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal and Andhra Pradesh, the Orissa State sub-committee has released CR Dhan-801, CR Dhan-401, CR Dhan 402, CR Dhan-403 and CR Dhan-901 for cultivation in the State, Dr. Adhya informed.
The Scientists of the Institute pointed out that among the five varieties released for the State; two are extremely favourable for the coastal saline areas of Jagatsinghpur and Kendrapara districts. “These varieties can give a yield of 3.5 to 4.0 tonnes per hectare having duration of 150 to 155 days”, the Director said.
Besides, the Institute has also released an aromatic variety—CR Dhan-901 which has been developed from Chinikamini, a popular land race of Southern Orissa having a yield potential of 3.5 tonnes per hectare.
It may be mentioned here that the Institute had last released new scented rice—Geetanjali and Ketakijoha which have found a niche in Orissa climate and are popular among farmers.
Dr. Adhya also pointed out that apart from developing high-yielding varieties, the Institute is also engaged in developing agro-technologies for benefit of rice farmers.
“In this category we have found out that at least three rice varieties which can grow in minimum water requirement.
This water-saving rice growing technique is known as aerobic rice where water requirement could be lessened to 30 to 35 per cent than the traditional requirement”, he said.