Staff Reporter

The percentage of HIV-infected adults has increased by 0.22 per cent from 2002 to 2006

The report is prepared by NIMS, ICMR, NACO and AIIMS

There is a rise of nearly five fold among numbers of PLHA

BHUBANESWAR: HIV prevalence among adults in the State has increased by three folds between 2002 and 2006, said a multi-centre study.

This piece of information assumed significance as HIV prevalence among adults in the country came down from 0.45 per cent to 0.36 per cent of the population in the same period.

According to a report appeared in Indian Journal of Medicine, in 2002, the adult HIV prevalence in 2002 Orissa was estimated at 0.06 per cent while it climbed to 0.22 per cent in 2006.

Orissa was among seven low prevalence States, where increasing epidemic trend was noticed by various agencies during the five-year period. The other States were Puducherry, Jammu and Kashmir, Jharkhand, Bihar, Rajasthan and West Bengal.

Researchers from organisations such as the National Institute of Medical Statistics (NIMS), Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR), National AIDS Control Organisation (NACO) and All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) had come together to prepare the report.

They said the increasing epidemic trend in seven States including Orissa needed attention of the policy and programme managers.

Dramatic change

More importantly number of people living with HIV/AIDS (PLHA) in all ages had seen a dramatic increase in Orissa. As per the study, there was a rise of nearly five folds among numbers of PLHA from 2002 to 2006.

Estimates said 9,717 people living with HIV were detected in 2002 in the State that went up to 48,248 in 2006 in the State.

HIV prevalence among adults (15-49 yr) was 0.36 per cent in 2006. Overall prevalence in the high prevalence States was 0.8 per cent and in low and moderate epidemic States was 0.2 per cent.

Prevalence was highest in Manipur at 1.70 per cent followed by Nagaland at 1.41 per cent, and Andhra Pradesh at 1.04 per cent

The estimated number of PLHA in the population of all ages was 2.5 million.

The number of people living with HIV was highest in Andhra Pradesh at 5,25,560 followed by Maharashtra at 495,488, Karnataka at 2,76,129 and Tamil Nadu at 2,46,473.