As per the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child, a human rights treaty setting out the civil, political, economic, social, health and cultural rights of children, to which India is a signatory, a child is any human being under the age of 18, unless the age of majority is attained earlier under the State’s own domestic legislation. So, in cases of juvenile crime a State has the power to lower the age of taking cognizance of crime through its own legislation.

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